# Pre-Messinian Deposits of the Mediterranean Ridge: Biostratigraphic and Geochemical Evidence from the Olimpi Mud Volcano Field

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## Abstract

**:**

## 1. Introduction and Geotectonic Setting

## 2. Materials and Methods

#### 2.1. Sediment Collection and Sample Treatment

#### 2.2. Micropaleontology and Biostratigraphy

#### 2.3. Organic Geochemical Analysis

^{−1}), and oxygen index (OI = 100 × S3 × TOC

^{−1}) are calculated based on Emeis and Kvenvolden [36].

^{−1}in geological samples. OI is correlated with the ratio of O to C, which is high for polysacharride-rich remains of land plants and inert organic material (residual organic matter) encountered as background in marine sediments. OI values do not usually exceed 240 mg g

^{−1}.

## 3. Results

#### 3.1. General Lithological Description and Dating of Samples

#### 3.2. Organic Geochemical Analysis

^{−1}(due to both matrix mineralogy and level of organic enrichment) and/or TOC values <0.3% are not shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8 because these data are considered of limited reliability for kerogen characterization.

#### 3.2.1. Total Organic Carbon

#### 3.2.2. Organic Matter Quality (Kerogen Type) and Thermal Maturation

#### 3.2.3. Carbonates

_{carbonates}= 7.976 × MinC. According to the results (see Table A1, Table A2, Table A3, Table A4 and Table A5 in Appendix A), only four clasts contained Q

_{carbonates}> 50% and, thus, they were characterized as carbonate mudstones.

## 4. Discussion

#### 4.1. Stratigraphic Origin Evidence

^{−1}, respectively; see Table A1 in Appendix A), which indicate low oxygen availability during the sediment deposition. Therefore, it is quite possible that anoxic/hypoxic conditions were triggered near the seafloor by the increased productivity in the euphotic zone together with enhanced organic matter preservation, resulting in the formation of deposits of sapropelic nature (e.g., [48,49,50]). Based on the previous interpretations, we believe that the LEV1GC 4–6 clast 1 sample originated from a sapropelic source rock.

#### 4.2. Significance of the Reworked Nannofossil Species

- The middle Miocene (CNM7, CNM8–9 and CNM10) clasts embraced reworked nannofossils of the early-middle Miocene, Oligocene, Eocene, and Cretaceous;
- The early-middle Miocene (CNM6–7) clasts included reworked nannofossils of the Oligocene, Eocene, and Cretaceous;
- The Oligocene (CNO4/CNO5) clasts comprised reworked nannofossils of the Eocene and Cretaceous.

#### 4.3. Organic Geochemistry Evidence

## 5. Conclusions

## Author Contributions

## Funding

## Institutional Review Board Statement

## Informed Consent Statement

## Data Availability Statement

## Acknowledgments

## Conflicts of Interest

## Appendix A

- Sampling intervals and sample types (matrix or clast);
- Percentages of nannofossils in the images captured by the Leica DMLSP optical polarizing light microscope, dating of sediments and rock types;
- Macroscopic observations such as consolidation degree of samples, sediment color, fissility occurrence, and characteristic sound during samples’ homogenization that is indicative of quartz presence;
- Parameters measured during each Rock-Eval pyrolysis run such as S1, S2, and S3 peaks;
- Parameters calculated from the Rock-Eval experimental data such as Tmax, HΙ, and OI, and TOC, MinC, and carbonate contents.

- Soft: the rock can be broken between fingers;
- Soft to semi-consolidated: the rock can be broken between fingers and a hard object (e.g., mortar or table surface) with normal effort;
- Semi-consolidated: the rock can be broken between fingers and a hard object (e.g., mortar or table surface) with a lot of effort;
- Semi- to well-consolidated: the rock can be broken between pestle and mortar with normal effort;
- Well-consolidated: the rock can be broken between pestle and mortar with a lot of effort.

Core Interval (cm) | Samp. Type | Nannofossils (%) | Dating | Rock Type | Consolid. Degree | Color | Remark | OI mg g ^{−1} | HI mg g ^{−1} | Tmax °C | TOC % | MinC % | S1 mg g ^{−1} | S2 mg g ^{−1} | S3 mg g ^{−1} | Carbonate % |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

4–6 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | soft | greenish grey (10GY5/1) | quartz sound | 228.09 | 39.33 | 421 | 0.89 | 1.85 | 0.01 | 0.35 | 2.03 | 14.76 |

4–6 | clast 1 | 70–80 | CNM10 | mudstone | soft | pale yellow (5Y8/3) | 91.09 | 437.62 | 413 | 2.02 | 4.66 | 0.39 | 8.84 | 1.84 | 37.17 | |

4–6 | clast 2 | 10 | CNM10 | mudstone | semi-well | very dark grey (N3/) | 331.15 | 114.75 | ? | 0.61 | 0.35 | 0.01 | 0.7 | 2.02 | 2.79 | |

18–20 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | firm | greenish grey (10GY5/1) | quartz sound | 366.04 | 58.49 | 426 | 0.53 | 1.24 | 0.01 | 0.31 | 1.94 | 9.89 |

18–20 | clast 1 | 50 | CNM8–9 | mudstone | semi | greenish grey (5GY6/1) | 95.38 | 155.38 | ? | 0.65 | 0.36 | 0 | 1.01 | 0.62 | 2.87 | |

65–67 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | firm | dark greenish grey (10GY4/1) | 431.91 | 87.23 | ? | 0.47 | 1.01 | 0.02 | 0.41 | 2.03 | 8.06 | |

65–67 | clast 1 | <10 | CNM10 | mudstone | semi | grey (N5/) | 354 | 116 | ? | 0.5 | 0.8 | 0.02 | 0.58 | 1.77 | 6.38 |

Core Interval (cm) | Samp. Type | Nannofossils (%) | Dating | Rock Type | Consolid. Degree | Color | Remark | OI mg g ^{−1} | HI mg g ^{−1} | Tmax °C | TOC % | MinC % | S1 mg g ^{−1} | S2 mg g ^{−1} | S3 mg g ^{−1} | Carbonate% |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

2–5 | matrix | almost barren | undetermined | sandy mud | very soft | dark greenish grey (10GY4/1) | quartz sound | 32 | 200 | ? | 0.25 | 0.06 | 0 | 0.5 | 0.08 | 0.48 |

25–27 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very stiff | greenish grey (7.5GY5/1) | quartz sound | 138.3 | 34.04 | 418 | 0.94 | 2.8 | 0.01 | 0.32 | 1.3 | 22.33 |

65–67 | clast 1 | 30–40 | CNM6–7 | mudstone | soft | pale yellow (5Y8/3) | 126.8 | 131.96 | 434 | 0.97 | 5.04 | 0.01 | 1.28 | 1.23 | 40.2 | |

65–67 | clast 2 | ? | undetermined | mudstone | soft | light grey (N7/) | 142.67 | 41.33 | 416 | 0.75 | 4.59 | 0 | 0.31 | 1.07 | 36.61 |

Core Interval (cm) | Samp. Type | Nannofossils (%) | Dating | Rock Type | Consolid. Degree | Color | Remark | OI mg g ^{−1} | HI mg g ^{−1} | Tmax °C | TOC % | MinC % | S1 mg g ^{−1} | S2 mg g ^{−1} | S3 mg g ^{−1} | Carbonate % |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

10–12 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very stiff | greenish grey (7.5GY5/1) | quartz sound | 529.41 | 35.29 | 426 | 0.34 | 2.68 | 0 | 0.12 | 1.8 | 21.38 |

10–12 | clast 1 | ~10 | mainly CNO3- CNO4/CNO5 | shale | semi | greenish grey (5GY6/1) | sub-parallel fissility | 516.67 | 58.33 | 419 | 0.36 | 2.46 | 0 | 0.21 | 1.86 | 19.62 |

10–12 | clast 2 | ~30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | mudstone | semi | dark grey (N4/) | 481.82 | 145.45 | ? | 0.11 | 0.18 | 0.01 | 0.16 | 0.53 | 1.44 | |

40–42 | clast 1 | 70–80 | CNO4/CNO5 | mudstone | soft-semi | pale yellow (5Y8/3) | 465.79 | 21.05 | 427 | 0.38 | 6.04 | 0 | 0.08 | 1.77 | 48.18 | |

40–42 | clast 2 | ~10 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | mudstone | semi-well | very dark grey (N3/) | 373.68 | 100 | ? | 0.19 | 0.26 | 0 | 0.19 | 0.71 | 2.07 | |

70–72 | clast 1 | 30–40 | CNM6–7 | carbonate mudstone | semi | grey (N6/) | 230.59 | 220 | 433 | 0.85 | 6.71 | 0.02 | 1.87 | 1.96 | 53.52 | |

100–102 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very stiff | greenish grey (10GY5/1) | quartz sound | 490.91 | 57.58 | 424 | 0.33 | 1.93 | 0 | 0.19 | 1.62 | 15.39 |

100–102 | clast 1 | ≤10 | mainly CNO3- CNO4/CNO5 | mudstone | semi | dark grey (N4/) | 287.5 | 64.58 | 426 | 0.48 | 0.43 | 0 | 0.31 | 1.38 | 3.43 | |

100–102 | clast 2 | 20–30 | CNM10 | mudstone | semi-well | grey (N6/) | 195.83 | 91.67 | 423 | 0.24 | 1.16 | 0 | 0.22 | 0.47 | 9.25 | |

123–125 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very stiff | greenish grey (10GY5/1) | quartz sound | 497.14 | 68.57 | 427 | 0.35 | 1.93 | 0.01 | 0.24 | 1.74 | 15.39 |

123–125 | clast 1 | almost barren | undetermined | mudstone | semi | dark greyish brown (10YR4/2) | 249.12 | 61.4 | ? | 0.57 | 0.22 | 0.02 | 0.35 | 1.42 | 1.75 | |

123–125 | clast 2 | 30 | CNM7 | carbonate mudstone | semi-well | pale yellow (5Y8/3) | 539.13 | 17.39 | ? | 0.23 | 8.23 | 0.01 | 0.04 | 1.24 | 65.64 |

Core Interval (cm) | Samp. Type | Nannofossils (%) | Dating | Rock Type | Consolid. Degree | Color | Remark | OI mg g ^{−1} | HI mg g ^{−1} | Tmax °C | TOC % | MinC % | S1 mg g ^{−1} | S2 mg g ^{−1} | S3 mg g ^{−1} | Carbonate % |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

12–14 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very soft | greenish grey (10GY5/1) | quartz sound | 473.17 | 58.54 | 427 | 0.41 | 1.64 | 0.01 | 0.24 | 1.94 | 13.08 |

40–43 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very soft | greenish grey (10GY5/1) | quartz sound | 446.94 | 67.35 | 427 | 0.49 | 1.67 | 0.01 | 0.33 | 1.94 | 13.32 |

40–43 | clast 1 | <10 | CNM8–9 | shale | well | dark greyish brown (10YR4/2) | parallel fissility | 270.49 | 88.52 | ? | 0.61 | 0.4 | 0.01 | 0.54 | 1.65 | 3.19 |

40–43 | clast 2 | 20–30 | CNM8–9 | mudstone | semi | greenish grey (5GY6/1) | 554.17 | 37.5 | 399 | 0.48 | 2.29 | 0.01 | 0.18 | 2.66 | 18.27 | |

78–80 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | soft | dark greenish grey (10GY4/1) | quartz sound | 380.43 | 65.22 | 432 | 0.46 | 1.72 | 0.01 | 0.3 | 1.75 | 13.72 |

78–80 | clast 1 | <5 | CNM8–9 | mudstone | semi-well | dark grey (N4/1) | 265.71 | 42.86 | 427 | 0.35 | 1.46 | 0 | 0.15 | 0.93 | 11.64 | |

78–80 | clast 2 | almost barren | undetermined | mudstone | semi | greenish grey (5GY6/1) | 477.27 | 52.27 | 413 | 0.44 | 0.62 | 0.01 | 0.23 | 2.1 | 4.95 |

Core Interval (cm) | Samp. Type | Nannofossils (%) | Dating | Rock Type | Consolid. Degree | Color | Remark | OI mg g ^{−1} | HI mg g ^{−1} | Tmax °C | TOC % | MinC % | S1 mg g ^{−1} | S2 mg g ^{−1} | S3 mg g ^{−1} | Carbonate % |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

10–13 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very soft | greenish grey (10GY5/1) | quartz sound | 224.62 | 52.31 | 428 | 0.65 | 1.52 | 0.01 | 0.34 | 1.46 | 12.12 |

10–13 | clast 1 | ≤10 | CNM8–9 | mudstone | well | very dark grey (N3/) | 189.93 | 93.22 | 427 | 0.59 | 0.61 | 0.01 | 0.55 | 1.12 | 4.87 | |

67–69 | clast 1 | <10 | CNM6–7 | mudstone | soft | grey (N/6) | 76.12 | 76.12 | 434 | 0.67 | 0.37 | 0.01 | 0.51 | 0.51 | 2.95 | |

67–69 | clast 2 | almost barren | undetermined | sandstone | semi-well | greyish green (5G5/2) | 200 | 100 | ? | 0.03 | 0.03 | 0 | 0.03 | 0.06 | 0.24 | |

98–100 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very stiff | dark greenish grey (10GY4/1) | quartz sound | 168.75 | 56.25 | 427 | 0.48 | 1.58 | 0 | 0.27 | 0.81 | 12.6 |

98–100 | clast 1 | ~10 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | carbonate mudstone/ sandstone | semi-well | light grey (N7/)/dark grey (N4/) | interbedding, quartz sound | 207.69 | 42.31 | 424 | 0.26 | 9.35 | 0 | 0.11 | 0.54 | 74.58 |

98–100 | clast 2 | 30–40 | CNM6–7 | mudstone | semi-well | grey (N/6) | 127.59 | 63.22 | 424 | 0.87 | 3.58 | 0 | 0.55 | 1.11 | 28.55 | |

98–100 | clast 3 | 50–60 | CNM8–9 | shale | well | Grey (N/6) | sub-parallel fissility | 291.67 | 94.44 | 423 | 0.36 | 6.09 | 0 | 0.34 | 1.05 | 48.57 |

128–130 | matrix | 30 | mixed; mostly Oligocene–Miocene | sandy mud | very stiff | dark greenish grey (10GY4/1) | quartz sound | 155.1 | 61.22 | 422 | 0.49 | 1.63 | 0 | 0.3 | 0.76 | 13 |

128–130 | clast 1 | ? | undetermined | shale | semi-well | reddish brown (2.5YR4/4) | sub-parallel fissility | 321.62 | 51.35 | 427 | 0.37 | 0.93 | 0 | 0.19 | 1.19 | 7.42 |

128–130 | clast 2 | 20–30 | CNM7 | carbonate mudstone | semi | pale yellow (5Y8/3) | 220 | 130 | 428 | 0.4 | 7.23 | 0 | 0.52 | 0.88 | 57.67 | |

128–130 | clast 3 | ~5 | CNM8–9 | mudstone | semi | light grey (N7/) | 73.33 | 64 | 426 | 0.75 | 0.26 | 0 | 0.48 | 0.55 | 2.07 |

LEV1GC 4–6 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 7 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 7 | |||

Discoaster quinqueramus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 4 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 6 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 9 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 7 | |||

Sphenolithus disbelemnos | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus tintinnabulum | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus neoabies | X | 5 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Micrantholithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 9 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 24 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 2 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 20 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 8 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Rhabdosphaera sp. | X | 3 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 29 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 6 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera sp. | X | 6 | |||

Sphenolithus sp. | X | 3 | |||

Other | |||||

Siliceous microfossils | X | 2 |

LEV1GC 4–6 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM10 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 30 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster formosus | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster braarudii | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster kugleri | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 2 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 13 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 10 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 1 | |||

Other | |||||

Siliceous microfossils | X | 20 |

LEV1GC 4–6 Clast 2 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM10 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 1 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 2 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster apetalus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster assymetricus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster exilis | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster kugleri | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster ulnatus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 8 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 5 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 32 | |||

Sphenolithus disbelemnos | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus dissimilis | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera foliosa | X | 5 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 10 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus predistentus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 21 | |||

Coronocyclus nitscens | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 23 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 2 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 16 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 11 |

LEV1GC 18–20 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 5 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster apetalus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster calcaris | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 6 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 9 | |||

Helicosphaera selli | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 10 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera foliosa | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 2 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisectus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster saipanensis | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster spinescens | X | 1 | |||

Micrantholithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 5 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 29 | |||

Coronocyclus nitescens | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 28 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 18 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 3 | |||

Rhabdosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 19 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 3 |

LEV1GC 18–20 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM8–9 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 4 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 12 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis | X | 5 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 13 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 4 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 4 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Calcidiscus gerrardii | X | 1 | |||

Micrantholithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra reticulata | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 2 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Braarudosphaera bigelowii | X | 4 | |||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 22 | |||

Coronocyclus nitescens | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 7 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 20 | |||

Rhabdosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 25 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 6 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Zeugrhabdotus sp. | X | 1 |

LEV1GC 65–67 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 2 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster braarudii | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster cauliflorus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster decorus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster exilis | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 9 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 9 | |||

Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera wallichi | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 17 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 6 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera etholonga | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 5 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 13 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 8 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 11 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 6 | |||

Pontosphaera discopora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 8 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 3 | |||

Rhabdosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 13 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 9 |

LEV1GC 65–67 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM10 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 4 | |||

Discoaster braarudii | X | 4 | |||

Discoaster decorus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster kugleri | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 4 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 10 | |||

Helicosphaera dissimilis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera selli | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 22 | |||

Sphenolithus delphix | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus neoabies | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 2 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster barbadiensis | |||||

Helicosphaera recta | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 3 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 16 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 3 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 5 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 2 | |||

Rhabdosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 32 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 1 |

LEV3GC 2–5 Matrix |
---|

Biozone: undetermined |

LEV3GC 25–27 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 4 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 4 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 4 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus cometa | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 10 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus predistentus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus truaxii | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera sp. | X | 8 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 10 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 11 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 11 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 21 | |||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 34 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 1 |

LEV3GC 65–67 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM6–7 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 2 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 3 | |||

Calcidiscus premacintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 8 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera ampliamperta | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 16 | |||

Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis | X | 6 | |||

Sphenolithus dissimilis | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 5 | |||

Umbilicosphaera foliosa | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 9 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 6 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus predistentus | X | 2 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 61 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 15 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 12 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 35 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 7 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 25 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 13 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 1 | |||

Eiffellithus turriseiffelii | X | 1 |

LEV3GC 65–67 Clast 2 |
---|

Biozone: undetermined |

LEV5GC 10–12 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 4 | |||

Calcidiscus premacintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 1 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera orientalis | X | 2 | |||

Pseudoemiliania lacunosa | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 9 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 2 | |||

Syracosphaera pulchra | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 4 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Chiasmolithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus formosus | X | 3 | |||

Cyclicargolithus abisectus | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster multiradiatus | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera recta | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra stavensis | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 11 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 3 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 5 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 4 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 4 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 1 |

LEV5GC 10–12 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mainly CNO3-CNO4/CNO5 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster discissus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster durioi | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster exiis | X | 3 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 4 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 3 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Coccolithus formosus | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster multiradiatus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster nodifer | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera compacta | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera recta | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 7 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 4 | |||

Reticulofenestra reticulata | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 8 | |||

Sphenolithus obtusus | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus peartiae | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus predistentus | X | 2 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 4 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 10 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 71 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 9 | |||

Discoaster leroyi | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 8 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 3 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 3 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 7 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 11 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Arkhangelskiales sp. | X | 3 | |||

Broinsonia parca | X | 1 | |||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 3 | |||

Diazomatolithus lehmanii | X | 1 | |||

Eiffelithus sp. | X | 2 | |||

Zeugrhabdotus | X | 2 |

LEV5GC 10–12 Clast 2 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 5 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 5 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster kugleri | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 1 | |||

Discoater durioi | X | 1 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 6 | |||

Helicosphaera orientalis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera selli | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera stalis | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera japonica | X | 1 | |||

Pseudoemiliania lacunosa | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 7 | |||

Rhabdosphaera? sp. | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus belemnos | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus dissimilis | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 6 | |||

Syracosphaera pulchra | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera foliosa | X | 3 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 7 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera sibogae | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Coccolithus formosus | X | 2 | |||

Cyclicargolithus abisectus | X | 5 | |||

Discoaster multiradiatus | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera compacta | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 4 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 9 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus capricornatus | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus predistentus | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus umbrellus | X | 2 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 15 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 6 | |||

Coronocyclus nitescens | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 26 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 5 | |||

Discoaster salomoni | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 3 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 26 |

LEV5GC 40–42 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNO4/CNO5 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Paleogene | |||||

Coccolithus eopelagicus | X | 2 | |||

Cyclicargolithus abisectus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera obliqua | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera recta | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 5 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 4 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus predistentus | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 6 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Braarudosphaera bigelowi | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 29 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 5 | |||

Coronocyclus nitescens | X | 3 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 81 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 11 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera euphratis | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera leesiae | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera japonica | X | 6 | |||

Rhabdosphaera? sp. | X | 4 | |||

Sphenolithus conicus | X | 4 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 20 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Broinsonia parca | X | 1 | |||

Eiffelithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Rhagodiscus infinitus | X | 1 |

LEV5GC 40–42 Clast 2 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 3 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 4 | |||

Helicosphaera princei | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera stalis | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 2 | |||

Rhabdosphaera? sp. | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus dissimilis | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus tintinnabulum | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 5 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 3 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Calcidiscus gerrardii | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus crassus? | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus formosus | X | 7 | |||

Cyclicargolithus abisectus | X | 2 | |||

Cyclicargolithus parvus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster wemmelensis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera leesiae | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera recta | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra daviesii | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 5 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus umbrellus | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 17 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 3 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 33 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 17 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 4 |

LEV5GC 70–72 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM6–7 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Calcidiscus premacintyrei | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster exilis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera ampliaperta | X | 6 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 5 | |||

Sphenolithus cometa | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus dibelemnos | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 5 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 4 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisetus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 12 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 4 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 19 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 5 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 8 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 4 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 4 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 9 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 15 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Dizomatolithus lehmanii | X | 1 |

LEV5GC 100–102 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 4 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster exilis | X | 2 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | 1 | ||||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 4 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 18 | |||

Schyphosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus cometa | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 4 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 2 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster multiradiatus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster nodifer | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus predistentus | X | 2 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 2 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 18 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 2 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 17 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 5 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 6 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Diazomatolithus lehmanii | X | 1 |

LEV5GC 100–102 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mainly CNO3-CNO4/CNO5 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster kugleri | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 3 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 3 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Coccolithus formosus | X | 8 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra reticulata | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra stavensis | X | 5 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 8 | |||

Sphenolithus peartiae | X | 3 | |||

Umbilicosphaera detecta | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 22 | |||

Coronocyclus nitescens | X | 2 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 66 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera euphratis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera leesiae | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 13 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 20 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 2 | |||

Zeugrhabdotus sp. | X | 1 |

LEV5GC 100–102 Clast 2 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM10 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 1 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 2 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster kugleri | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 2 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera ampliaperta | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 10 | |||

Pseudoemiliania lacunosa? | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 12 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 4 | |||

Umbilicosphaera foliosa | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisectus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster nodifer | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 4 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 38 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 36 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 1 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 12 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 13 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Diazomatolithus lehmanii | X | 2 | |||

Eiffelithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

other | |||||

Siliceous microfossils | X | 2 |

LEV5GC 123–125 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 2 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster kugleri | X | 1 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 6 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 9 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 3 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 4 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 2 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus predistentus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 16 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 11 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera leesiae | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 5 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 8 | |||

Sphenolithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 1 | |||

Diazomatolithus lehmanii | X | 2 |

LEV5GC 123–125 Clast 1 |
---|

Biozone: undetermined |

LEV5GC 123–125 Clast 2 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM7 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 10 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 27 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 2 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 21 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 16 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 4 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Micrantholithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 4 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 30 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 10 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 15 |

LEV7GC 12–14 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 1 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 4 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster discissus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster durioi | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 1 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 4 | |||

Pseudoemiliania lacunosa | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 24 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus umbrellus | X | 2 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Braarudosphaera bigelowii | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 8 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 11 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 6 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 10 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 3 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Arkhangelskiella sp. | X | 2 | |||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 1 | |||

Rhagodiscus sp. | X | 1 |

LEV7GC 40–43 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Pleistocene | |||||

Gephyrocapsa oceanica | X | 2 | |||

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 4 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster asymmetricus | X | 1 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 7 | |||

Helicosphaera princei | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera stalis | X | 1 | |||

Pseudoemiliania lacunosa | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 40 | |||

Sphenolithus disbelemnos | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 3 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 6 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisetus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Braarudosphaera bigelowii | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 15 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | ||||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 4 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | ||||

Discoaster sp. | X | 4 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 3 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 1 | |||

Dizomatolithus lehmanii | X | 3 | |||

Eiffellithus turriseiffelii | X | 1 | |||

Rhagodiscus sp. | X | 1 |

LEV7GC 40–43 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM8–9 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 6 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 12 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 6 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 9 | |||

Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis | X | 5 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 15 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 4 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 4 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra reticulata | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Braarudosphaera bigelowii | X | 4 | |||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 19 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 8 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 4 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 15 | |||

Rhabdosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 18 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 8 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Zeugrhabdotus sp. | X | 1 | |||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 1 |

LEV7GC 40–43 Clast 2 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM8–9 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 2 | |||

Cryptococcolithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 1 | |||

Gephyrocapsa <3 μm | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 15 | |||

Helicosphaera stalis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis | Χ | 6 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 39 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera foliosa | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 20 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cruciplacolithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 15 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 8 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 10 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 5 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 28 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 4 |

LEV7GC 78–80 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 48 | |||

Sphenolithus disbelemnos | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 4 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 6 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 3 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Braarudosphaera bigelowii | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 21 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 19 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 5 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 3 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 10 | |||

Sphenolithus calyculus | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 5 |

LEV7GC 78–80 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM8–9 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 3 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 14 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus disbelemnos | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera foliosa | X | 4 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotaria | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 2 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 3 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 12 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 3 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 6 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 48 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 8 |

LEV7GC 78–80 Clast 2 |
---|

Biozone: undetermined |

LEV9GC 10–13 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 19 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster saipanensis | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 14 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 9 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 5 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 2 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 2 |

LEV9GC 10–13 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM8–9 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 1 | |||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 8 | |||

Helicosphaera princei | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera stalis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 25 | |||

Rhabdosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus cometa | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus disbelemnos | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 4 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Coccolithus fomosus | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus abisectus | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 37 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 18 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 3 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera sp. | X | 3 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | ||||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 9 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 6 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 1 | |||

Dizomatolithus lehmanii | X | 2 |

LEV9GC 67–69 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM6–7 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Calcidiscus premacintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster exilis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera ampliaperta | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 4 | |||

Helicosphaera princei | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus cometa | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus dibelemnos | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 3 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 3 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisetus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 10 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 2 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 24 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 4 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 11 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 4 | |||

Helicosphaera mediterranea | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 3 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 10 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 11 | |||

Sphenolithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Dizomatolithus lehmanii | X | 4 |

LEV9GC 67–69 Clast 2 |
---|

Biozone: undetermined |

LEV9GC 98–100 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 4 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 17 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 3 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisetus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster multiradiatus | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 2 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Braarudosphaera bigelowii | X | 1 | |||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 11 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 1 | |||

Coronocyclus nitescens | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 5 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 5 | |||

Micrantholithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 2 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Dizomatolithus lehmanii | X | 1 |

LEV9GC 98–100 Clast 1 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus premacintyrei | X | 2 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 1 | |||

Cryptococcolithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera roluta | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisetus | X | 4 | |||

Helicosphaera compacta | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera recta | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra erbae | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 2 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 13 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 2 | |||

Coronocyclus nitescens | X | 2 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 82 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 4 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 7 | |||

Helicosphaera sp. | X | 5 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 2 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 10 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 9 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 2 | |||

Dizomatolithus lehmanii | X | 4 |

LEV9GC 98–100 Clast 2 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM6–7 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus premacintyrei | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 7 | |||

Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis | X | 2 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 9 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 12 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 22 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 8 | |||

Helicosphaera vedderi | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster petaliformis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera waltans | X | 2 | |||

Helicosphaera ampliaperta | X | 2 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 5 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisectus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 31 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 11 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 3 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera sp. | X | 10 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 6 |

LEV9GC 98–100 Clast 3 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM8–9 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 8 | |||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster formosus | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 7 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 31 | |||

Rhabdosphaera sp. | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 5 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 1 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Cyclicargolithus abisetus | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra daivesi | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus ciperoensis | X | 1 | |||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 28 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 6 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 3 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 3 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 17 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 15 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Eiffellithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

Watznaueria barnesiae | X | 2 |

LEV9GC 128–130 Matrix | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Mixed; Mostly Oligocene–Miocene | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus macintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Calcidiscus premacintyrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster exilis | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster ulnatus | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 6 | |||

Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis | X | 2 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 8 | |||

Sphenolithus abies | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus cometa | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 6 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Coccolithus formosus | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus abisetus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster tanii | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra bisecta | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra hillae | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra lockeri | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus delphix | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus distentus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 12 | |||

Coronocyclus mesostenos | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 16 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 1 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 3 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 3 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Eiffelithus sp. | X | 1 | |||

undetermined Cretaceous sp. | X | 3 | |||

Watznaueria barnesiae | X | 3 | |||

Watznaueria ovata | X | 1 |

LEV9GC 128–130 Clast 1 |
---|

Biozone: undetermined |

LEV9GC 128–130 Clast 2 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM7 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus miopelagicus | X | 7 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 5 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus heteromorphus | X | 14 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 6 | |||

Umbilicosphaera rotula | X | 2 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Discoaster barbadiensis | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 45 | |||

Coronocyclus nitescens | X | 1 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 35 | |||

Discoaster deflandrei | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 5 | |||

Helicosphaera intermedia | X | 3 | |||

Micrantholithus sp. | X | 4 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 8 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 3 | |||

small reticulofenestroids | X | 4 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 6 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Watznaueria barnesiae | X | 2 |

LEV9GC 128–130 Clast 3 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Biozone: CNM8–9 | |||||

Species | A | C | F | R | Specimens Counted |

Neogene | |||||

Calcidiscus leptoporus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster bolli | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster formosus | X | 1 | |||

Discoaster variabilis | X | 1 | |||

Helicosphaera carteri | X | 8 | |||

Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilicus | X | 28 | |||

Sphenolithus dissimilis | X | 1 | |||

Umbilicosphaera foliosa | X | 2 | |||

Umbilicosphaera jafari | X | 3 | |||

Paleogene | |||||

Zygrhablithus bijugatus | X | 1 | |||

Long-range Paleogene–Neogene | |||||

Coccolithus pelagicus | X | 6 | |||

Cyclicargolithus floridanus | X | 2 | |||

Discoaster sp. | X | 3 | |||

Pontosphaera multipora | X | 2 | |||

Pontosphaera sp. | X | 1 | |||

Reticulofenestra perplexa | X | 1 | |||

Sphenolithus moriformis | X | 4 | |||

Cretaceous | |||||

Dizomatolithus lehmanii | X | 2 |

**Figure A1.**Distinct unimodal S2 peaks in the Rock-Eval pyrograms of samples from: (

**a**) the Gelendzhik MV, (

**b**) the Heraklion MV, (

**c**) the Moscow MV, (

**d**) the Milano MV, and (

**e**) the Leipzig MV.

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