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Water, Energy and Food Supply Security in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries—A Risk Perspective

1
Center for Sustainable Development, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar
2
Environmental Science Center, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(3), 455; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030455
Received: 4 January 2019 / Revised: 11 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 4 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus)
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PDF [1540 KB, uploaded 4 March 2019]
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Abstract

Supply systems for water, energy and food in the Gulf region are becoming highly interlinked. In the last decades, interdependence was evident in the increase of coproduction plants and the cross-sectoral resource use footprints. In light of increasing integration due to growing scarcities, the construction of mega projects for coproduction, and the use of renewables across sectors, the security notion can be revisited. This paper proposes a view of the resource supply security based on the systems’ characteristics under change and their ability to deal with risks and shocks (resilience). It introduces internal and external risk factors for the water, energy and food supply systems in the Gulf region and highlights recent knowledge on such risks. Further, the paper explains the vulnerability of supply systems to planning risks like scale, integration intensity and level of service provisions together with risks related to growth, technology, market and climate. In light of such insecurities, we stress the importance of investing in risk management and resilience policies in infrastructure planning. Response measures to future risks can focus on options like storage, knowledge, diversification and, importantly, promoting regional cooperation and synergies from common infrastructure planning between countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). View Full-Text
Keywords: resource security; supply infrastructure; water–energy–food nexus; Gulf Cooperation Council; critical infrastructure; supply risks resource security; supply infrastructure; water–energy–food nexus; Gulf Cooperation Council; critical infrastructure; supply risks
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Al-Saidi, M.; Saliba, S. Water, Energy and Food Supply Security in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries—A Risk Perspective. Water 2019, 11, 455.

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