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Circulation and Climate Variability in the Czech Republic between 1961 and 2020: A Comparison of Changes for Two “Normal” Periods
 
 
Article

Changes in Weather-Related Fatalities in the Czech Republic during the 1961–2020 Period

1
Department of Geography, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, 616 67 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Markus Donat
Atmosphere 2022, 13(5), 688; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13050688
Received: 21 March 2022 / Revised: 13 April 2022 / Accepted: 23 April 2022 / Published: 26 April 2022
Fatalities associated with severe weather, collected from newspapers and other documentary sources, were used to create a corresponding database for the 1961–2020 period for the Czech Republic. Fatalities attributed to floods, windstorms, convective storms, snow and glaze ice, frost, fog, and other severe weather, on the one hand, and vehicle accident fatalities connected with rain, snow, glaze ice, fog, and inclement weather, on the other, were analysed separately for two standard periods, 1961–1990 and 1991–2020. The number of weather-related fatalities between these two periods increased in the flood, windstorm, and especially frost categories, and decreased for the convective storm and fog categories. For snow and glaze ice they were the same. Despite significant differences in both 30-year periods, the highest proportions of fatalities corresponded to the winter months, and in individual fatality characteristics to males, adults, direct deaths, deaths by freezing or hypothermia, and to hazardous behaviour. A statistically significant (p < 0.05) Spearman rank correlation between fatalities and climate variables was only found in the 1991–2020 period for snow/glaze ice-related fatalities, with the number of days with snow cover depth and frost-related fatalities having days with daily minimum temperatures below −5 °C or −10 °C. Despite the highest proportions of the rain and wet road categories being in the number of vehicle accident fatalities, a statistically significant correlation was only found for the category of snow-related fatalities in the number of days with snowfall. The results and conclusions of this study have to be evaluated in the broader context of climatological, political, economic, and societal changes within the country, and have the potential to be used in risk management. View Full-Text
Keywords: weather fatality; vehicle accident fatality; documentary data; fatality database; spatiotemporal variability; fatality characteristics; climate variability; Czech Republic weather fatality; vehicle accident fatality; documentary data; fatality database; spatiotemporal variability; fatality characteristics; climate variability; Czech Republic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brázdil, R.; Chromá, K.; Zahradníček, P.; Dobrovolný, P.; Dolák, L.; Řehoř, J.; Řezníčková, L. Changes in Weather-Related Fatalities in the Czech Republic during the 1961–2020 Period. Atmosphere 2022, 13, 688. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13050688

AMA Style

Brázdil R, Chromá K, Zahradníček P, Dobrovolný P, Dolák L, Řehoř J, Řezníčková L. Changes in Weather-Related Fatalities in the Czech Republic during the 1961–2020 Period. Atmosphere. 2022; 13(5):688. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13050688

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brázdil, Rudolf, Kateřina Chromá, Pavel Zahradníček, Petr Dobrovolný, Lukáš Dolák, Jan Řehoř, and Ladislava Řezníčková. 2022. "Changes in Weather-Related Fatalities in the Czech Republic during the 1961–2020 Period" Atmosphere 13, no. 5: 688. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13050688

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