Agroecological Practices and Agrobiodiversity: A Case Study on Organic Orange in Southern Italy
AbstractThe integration of Agroecological Service Crops (ASCs) into agroecosystems can provide several ecological services, such as nutrient cycling and disease and weed management. A two-year experiment on an organic orchard was carried out to compare barley (B) and horse bean (HB) ASCs with a control without ASC (Cont) in combination with fertilizers. Their effects on soil fertility and weed- and soil-borne fungi communities were evaluated by direct measurements, visual estimation, and indicators computation. A Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to identify latent patterns and redundancy among variables, whereas a correlation analysis was used to discriminate the compared systems within the PCA matrix. The empirical results of this study put in evidence the correlation among soil, weed, and fungal variables. A slight contribution of fertilizers on the system’s variability was observed, whereas a clear effect of ASCs was highlighted. The systems differed in weed communities, with the lowest density associated to B and the highest to Cont. B showed the highest fungal diversity, with changes in community compared to HB. HB showed a contribution on soil fertility, being associated to organic matter increase and N availability, and evidencing mixed impacts on soil quality and ecosystem functioning. Overall, the above-ground diversity and below-ground community results were inter-correlated. View Full-Text
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Ciaccia, C.; La Torre, A.; Ferlito, F.; Testani, E.; Battaglia, V.; Salvati, L.; Roccuzzo, G. Agroecological Practices and Agrobiodiversity: A Case Study on Organic Orange in Southern Italy. Agronomy 2019, 9, 85.
Ciaccia C, La Torre A, Ferlito F, Testani E, Battaglia V, Salvati L, Roccuzzo G. Agroecological Practices and Agrobiodiversity: A Case Study on Organic Orange in Southern Italy. Agronomy. 2019; 9(2):85.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ciaccia, Corrado; La Torre, Anna; Ferlito, Filippo; Testani, Elena; Battaglia, Valerio; Salvati, Luca; Roccuzzo, Giancarlo. 2019. "Agroecological Practices and Agrobiodiversity: A Case Study on Organic Orange in Southern Italy." Agronomy 9, no. 2: 85.
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