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Highly Porous Organic Polymers for Hydrogen Fuel Storage

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, California State University, San Bernardino, CA 5500, USA
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Polymers 2019, 11(4), 690; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11040690
Received: 1 February 2019 / Revised: 24 March 2019 / Accepted: 28 March 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
Hydrogen (H2) is one of the best candidates to replace current petroleum energy resources due to its rich abundance and clean combustion. However, the storage of H2 presents a major challenge. There are two methods for storing H2 fuel, chemical and physical, both of which have some advantages and disadvantages. In physical storage, highly porous organic polymers are of particular interest, since they are low cost, easy to scale up, metal-free, and environmentally friendly. In this review, highly porous polymers for H2 fuel storage are examined from five perspectives: (a) brief comparison of H2 storage in highly porous polymers and other storage media; (b) theoretical considerations of the physical storage of H2 molecules in porous polymers; (c) H2 storage in different classes of highly porous organic polymers; (d) characterization of microporosity in these polymers; and (e) future developments for highly porous organic polymers for H2 fuel storage. These topics will provide an introductory overview of highly porous organic polymers in H2 fuel storage. View Full-Text
Keywords: H2 storage; porous organic polymers; hypercrosslinked polymers (HCPs); polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs); conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs); porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs) H2 storage; porous organic polymers; hypercrosslinked polymers (HCPs); polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs); conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs); porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cousins, K.; Zhang, R. Highly Porous Organic Polymers for Hydrogen Fuel Storage. Polymers 2019, 11, 690.

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