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Chemically and Thermally Crosslinked PVA-Based Membranes: Effect on Swelling and Transport Behavior

1
Normandie Université, UNIROUEN, INSA Rouen, CNRS, Polymères Biopolymères Surfaces (PBS), 76000 Rouen, France
2
Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 7, Gagarina Street, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(11), 1799; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11111799
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 25 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Polymer Analysis)
The novel poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-based membranes were prepared using the two-step crosslinking approach: the chemical crosslinking of PVA using sulfosuccinic acid (SSA) (0–50 wt.%) and the thermal treatment (120–160 °C). The membrane composition and crosslinking temperature were optimized in terms of the mechanical and transport properties. The FTIR-ATR analysis revealed that the increase of the SSA concentration and crosslinking temperature resulted in the rise of the ester bond bands intensity due to the esterification reaction between PVA and SSA. As a consequence, the PVA-based membrane with 50 wt % SSA and crosslinked at 140 °C showed the reduced Young’s modulus (from 1266.2 MPa to 1.4 MPa) and elongation at break (from 316% to 66%) in comparison with the pure PVA membrane. The studied swelling behavior of the obtained membranes revealed significantly higher water sorption than that in methanol and propal-2-ol whatever the crosslinking temperature. The performed studies provide a new way of tailoring the membrane physicochemical properties, in particular, the surface hydrophilicity. In addition, the obtained results are crucial for the design and elaboration of the polymer membranes for the pervaporative separation of the liquid-liquid mixtures, in particular, for the alcohol dehydration. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly(vinyl alcohol); sulfosuccinic acid; chemical and thermal crosslinking; water permeation; contact angle measurements poly(vinyl alcohol); sulfosuccinic acid; chemical and thermal crosslinking; water permeation; contact angle measurements
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rynkowska, E.; Fatyeyeva, K.; Marais, S.; Kujawa, J.; Kujawski, W. Chemically and Thermally Crosslinked PVA-Based Membranes: Effect on Swelling and Transport Behavior. Polymers 2019, 11, 1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11111799

AMA Style

Rynkowska E, Fatyeyeva K, Marais S, Kujawa J, Kujawski W. Chemically and Thermally Crosslinked PVA-Based Membranes: Effect on Swelling and Transport Behavior. Polymers. 2019; 11(11):1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11111799

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rynkowska, Edyta; Fatyeyeva, Kateryna; Marais, Stéphane; Kujawa, Joanna; Kujawski, Wojciech. 2019. "Chemically and Thermally Crosslinked PVA-Based Membranes: Effect on Swelling and Transport Behavior" Polymers 11, no. 11: 1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11111799

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