Organization of Twisting Lamellar Crystals in Birefringent Banded Polymer Spherulites: A Mini-Review
AbstractIn this mini-review, we summarize the evidences of lamellar twisting in the birefringent banded polymer spherulites demonstrated by various characterization techniques, such as polarized optical microscopy, real-time atomic force microscopy, micro-focus wide angle X-ray diffraction, etc. The real-time observation of lamellar growth under atomic force microscopy unveiled the fine details of lamellar twisting and branching in the banded spherulites of poly(R-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-17 mol% R-3-hydroxyhexanoate). Organization of the twisting lamellar crystals in the banded spherulites was revealed as well. The lamellar crystals change the orientation via twisting rather than the macro screw dislocations. In fact, macro screw dislocation provides the mechanism of synchronous twisting of neighboring lamellar crystals. The driving force of lamellar twisting is attributed to the anisotropic and unbalanced surface stresses. Besides molecular chirality, variation of the growth axis and the chemical groups on lamellar surface can change the distribution of the surface stresses, and thus may invert the handedness of lamellar twisting. Thus, based on both experimental results and physical reasoning, the relation between crystal chirality and chemical molecular structures has been suggested, via the bridge of the distribution of surface stresses. The factors affecting band spacing are briefly discussed. Some remaining questions and the perspective of the topic are highlighted. View Full-Text
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Xu, J.; Ye, H.; Zhang, S.; Guo, B. Organization of Twisting Lamellar Crystals in Birefringent Banded Polymer Spherulites: A Mini-Review. Crystals 2017, 7, 241.
Xu J, Ye H, Zhang S, Guo B. Organization of Twisting Lamellar Crystals in Birefringent Banded Polymer Spherulites: A Mini-Review. Crystals. 2017; 7(8):241.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Jun; Ye, Haimu; Zhang, Shujing; Guo, Baohua. 2017. "Organization of Twisting Lamellar Crystals in Birefringent Banded Polymer Spherulites: A Mini-Review." Crystals 7, no. 8: 241.
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