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Utility of MRI Diffusion Techniques in the Evaluation of Tumors of the Head and Neck

1
Neuroimaging Department, SERCOSA, Health-Time Group, Carmelo Torres Street 2, 23007 Jaén, Spain
2
MRI Department, RESSALTA, Health-Time Medical Group (San Juan de Dios Hospital) Brillante Av 102, 14012 Córdoba, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2013, 5(3), 875-889; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers5030875
Received: 19 April 2013 / Revised: 15 May 2013 / Accepted: 28 June 2013 / Published: 5 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer Cell Imaging)
The use of diffusion-weighted imaging in the head and neck is an increasingly used technique that requires adaptation of the acquisition parameters. Parallel imaging and emerging techniques such as IVIM are playing a new role. The main indications for performing DWI are tissue characterization, nodal staging and therapy monitoring. Lower apparent diffusion coefficients have been reported in this region for malignant lesions such as SCC, lymphoma and metastatic lymph node, as opposed to higher ADC in benign lesions and lymph nodes. Follow-up and early response to treatment are reflected in an ADC increase in both primary tumor and nodal metastasis. View Full-Text
Keywords: MRI; diffusion imaging; diagnostic neuroimaging; head and neck cancer MRI; diffusion imaging; diagnostic neuroimaging; head and neck cancer
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Martínez Barbero, J.P.; Rodríquez Jiménez, I.; Martin Noguerol, T.; Luna Alcalá, A. Utility of MRI Diffusion Techniques in the Evaluation of Tumors of the Head and Neck. Cancers 2013, 5, 875-889.

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