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Open AccessArticle

Modeling and Analysis of vgs Characteristics for Upper-Side and Lower-Side Switches at Turn-on Transients for a 1200V/200A Full-SiC Power Module

1
College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Power Transmission Technology, Beijing 102209, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2020, 11(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11010005
Received: 19 October 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 16 December 2019 / Published: 18 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue SiC based Miniaturized Devices)
In this work, a 1200V/200A full-SiC half-bridge power module was fabricated for high-power high-frequency application, and the characteristics of gate-source voltage ( v g s ) at turn-on transient under different output power was investigated via experiments, modeling, and simulation. Also, the comparison of the v g s characteristics between the upper-side and lower-side was conducted. From experiments, the v g s characteristics show negative spike issue and it becomes severe under higher output power conditions. On the other hand, the upper-side and lower-side show different characteristics, namely, the v g s spike of upper-side is superimposed by a 83.3 MHz high frequency oscillation during the process of v g s being pulled down, while the v g s spike of lower-side contains no oscillation. The mechanisms behind the influence of output power on the v g s spike characteristics and their difference between the upper-side and lower-side were studied via modeling and simulation. Equivalent RLC (resistance-inductance-capacitance) circuit models were proposed and established for the gate driver loops of the upper-side and lower-side based on the internal structure of the power module. With the help of the proposed models, v g s characteristics of the upper-side and lower-side were simulated and compared with the experimental results. The trend of changes in the v g s pulling-down and oscillation amplitude along with the increasing output power from simulation are consistent with that of the experimental results. In addition, different conditions of gate resistance for the SiC power module are compared. Through the comparison between the experiments and simulations, the validity of the proposed equivalent RLC circuit model and the rationality of the analysis about the mechanisms behind the v g s characteristics at turn-on transient for SiC half-bridge power module are confirmed. View Full-Text
Keywords: silicon carbide; power module; negative gate-source voltage spike silicon carbide; power module; negative gate-source voltage spike
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, M.; Ren, N.; Guo, Q.; Zhu, X.; Zhang, J.; Sheng, K. Modeling and Analysis of vgs Characteristics for Upper-Side and Lower-Side Switches at Turn-on Transients for a 1200V/200A Full-SiC Power Module. Micromachines 2020, 11, 5.

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