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Dietary Patterns, Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Adults: A Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China
2
Department of Digestion, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2015, 7(8), 6582-6605; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7085300
Received: 27 May 2015 / Revised: 22 July 2015 / Accepted: 24 July 2015 / Published: 7 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and CVD)
Previous studies reported the potential associations between dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adulthood, however a consistent perspective has not been established to date. Herein, we carried out this meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the risk of CHD. MEDLINE and EBSCO were searched for relevant articles published up to April 2015. A total of 35 articles (reporting 37 original studies) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present meta-analysis. The decreased risk of CHD was shown for the highest compared with the lowest categories of healthy/prudent dietary patterns (odds ratio (OR) = 0.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60, 0.75; p < 0.00001) and alcohol consumption (OR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.59, 0.78; p < 0.00001). There was evidence of an increased risk of CHD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of the unhealthy/Western-type dietary patterns (OR = 1.45; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.01; p = 0.02). The results of this meta-analysis indicate that different dietary patterns may be associated with the risk of CHD. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; coronary heart disease; a meta-analysis dietary patterns; coronary heart disease; a meta-analysis
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Zhang, X.-Y.; Shu, L.; Si, C.-J.; Yu, X.-L.; Liao, D.; Gao, W.; Zhang, L.; Zheng, P.-F. Dietary Patterns, Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Adults: A Meta-Analysis. Nutrients 2015, 7, 6582-6605.

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