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The Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) on Landsat 8: Design Overview and Pre-Launch Characterization

NASA/GSFC, Code 693, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
NASA/GSFC, Code 490, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
NASA/GSFC, Code 590, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
NASA/GSFC, Code 610, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Kimberly Research and Extension Center, Kimberly, ID 83341, USA
USDA Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
NASA/GSFC, Code 550, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
NASA/GSFC/CUA, Code 693, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
NASA/GSFC, Code 614, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Millenium Engineering and Integration Company, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Brian Markham and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Remote Sens. 2015, 7(1), 1135-1153;
Received: 21 August 2014 / Accepted: 15 December 2014 / Published: 19 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landsat-8 Sensor Characterization and Calibration)
PDF [49936 KB, uploaded 19 January 2015]


The Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) on Landsat 8 is the latest thermal sensor in that series of missions. Unlike the previous single-channel sensors, TIRS uses two channels to cover the 10–12.5 micron band. It is also a pushbroom imager; a departure from the previous whiskbroom approach. Nevertheless, the instrument requirements are defined such that data continuity is maintained. This paper describes the design of the TIRS instrument, the results of pre-launch calibration measurements and shows an example of initial on-orbit science performance compared to Landsat 7. View Full-Text
Keywords: Landsat; LDCM; TIRS; thermal sensors; evapotranspiration; QWIP Landsat; LDCM; TIRS; thermal sensors; evapotranspiration; QWIP

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Reuter, D.C.; Richardson, C.M.; Pellerano, F.A.; Irons, J.R.; Allen, R.G.; Anderson, M.; Jhabvala, M.D.; Lunsford, A.W.; Montanaro, M.; Smith, R.L.; Tesfaye, Z.; Thome, K.J. The Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) on Landsat 8: Design Overview and Pre-Launch Characterization. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 1135-1153.

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