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Article

Global Evaluation of Radiosonde Water Vapor Systematic Biases using GPS Radio Occultation from COSMIC and ECMWF Analysis

1
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000, USA
2
National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2010, 2(5), 1320-1330; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs2051320
Received: 24 February 2010 / Revised: 30 April 2010 / Accepted: 5 May 2010 / Published: 7 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Applications)
In this study, we compare specific humidity profiles derived from Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) radio occultation (RO) from August to November 2006 with those from different types of radiosonde and from ECMWF global analysis. Comparisons show that COSMIC specific humidity data agree well with ECMWF analysis over different regions of the world for both day and night times. On the contrary, evaluation against COSMIC specific humidity shows a distinct dry bias of Shang-E radiosonde (China) and an obvious wet bias of VIZ-type (USA). No obvious specific humidity biases are found for MRZ (Russia) and MEISEI (Japan) radiosondes. These results demonstrate the usefulness of COSMIC water vapor for quantifying the dry/wet biases among different sensor types. View Full-Text
Keywords: COSMIC; GPS radio occultation; global evaluation of radiosonde water vapor systematic biases; ECMWF analysis COSMIC; GPS radio occultation; global evaluation of radiosonde water vapor systematic biases; ECMWF analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ho, S.-p.; Zhou, X.; Kuo, Y.-H.; Hunt, D.; Wang, J.-h. Global Evaluation of Radiosonde Water Vapor Systematic Biases using GPS Radio Occultation from COSMIC and ECMWF Analysis. Remote Sens. 2010, 2, 1320-1330. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs2051320

AMA Style

Ho S-p, Zhou X, Kuo Y-H, Hunt D, Wang J-h. Global Evaluation of Radiosonde Water Vapor Systematic Biases using GPS Radio Occultation from COSMIC and ECMWF Analysis. Remote Sensing. 2010; 2(5):1320-1330. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs2051320

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ho, Shu-peng, Xinjia Zhou, Ying-Hwa Kuo, Douglas Hunt, and Jun-hong Wang. 2010. "Global Evaluation of Radiosonde Water Vapor Systematic Biases using GPS Radio Occultation from COSMIC and ECMWF Analysis" Remote Sensing 2, no. 5: 1320-1330. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs2051320

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