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Article

Measuring the Openness of Innovation

1
Department of Agriculture, Food, Natural Resources and Engineering, University of Foggia, 71121 Foggia, FG, Italy
2
Department of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management Politecnico di Bari, 70126 Bari, BA, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: JinHyo Joseph Yun
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2205; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042205
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 18 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ambidextrous Open Innovation for Sustainability)
Measuring the openness of innovation is essential to understanding whether and under which conditions increasing openness is beneficial for organizations. However, no consensus has been so far achieved on which dimensions characterize the openness of innovation, which approach should be used to measure it, or which unit of analysis should be adopted. This paper proposes an approach, named ATOM (Aggregative Technique for Openness Measurement), to characterize and measure the openness of innovation, rooted in the concepts of knowledge supply (KS) and innovation practice (IP). As prescribed by the confirmation phase of theory building model, the approach has been successfully applied to a real innovation project. The paper contributes to clarifying the concept of innovation openness and attempts to improve its measurement by adopting a micro-level unit of analysis (i.e., single KS within an innovation project) as well as dimensions that extant literature considers relevant to managing external collaborations. The proposed approach can also support firms involved in an innovation project to (i) identify and measure the criticality of knowledge supplies, (ii) assess the openness of the adopted innovation practices, and (iii) support ex-post learning on the way the project was managed. View Full-Text
Keywords: open innovation; openness degree; measurement; knowledge supply; innovation practice; knowledge kind; supply type; micro-level unit of analysis; knowledge criticality open innovation; openness degree; measurement; knowledge supply; innovation practice; knowledge kind; supply type; micro-level unit of analysis; knowledge criticality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bellantuono, N.; Pontrandolfo, P.; Scozzi, B. Measuring the Openness of Innovation. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2205. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042205

AMA Style

Bellantuono N, Pontrandolfo P, Scozzi B. Measuring the Openness of Innovation. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2205. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042205

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bellantuono, Nicola, Pierpaolo Pontrandolfo, and Barbara Scozzi. 2021. "Measuring the Openness of Innovation" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2205. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042205

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