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Social Sustainability of Post-Disaster: How Teachers Enable Primary School Students to Be Resilient in Times of Ranau Earthquake

1
Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu 88400, Malaysia
2
Centre for Research in Psychology and Human Well-Being, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia
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School of Applied Psychology, Social Work & Policy, College of Art and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carlos Salavera
Sustainability 2021, 13(13), 7308; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137308
Received: 19 May 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 17 June 2021 / Published: 30 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hazards and Sustainability)
The Ranau Earthquake that struck on 5 June 2015, February 2018, and April 2021, were a new disaster in Sabah and caused many Sabahan to panic. The unpredicted disaster also caused a serious impact on all aspects of life in Sabah. The earthquake has caused severe damage to eight primary schools in the vicinity of the epicenter, although no casualties were reported. However, the disaster has deep passing psychological effects among students. In this study, we examine how the primary school teachers enabled the student to be resilient during and after the disaster. Based on the interviews with 16 primary school students, it was revealed that most of the teachers used WhatsApp to support resilience during and after the earthquake. Interviews with 16 primary school teachers revealed there were two main reasons for them to communicate with students, namely, delivering emotional aid and monitoring their stress. Based on student interviews, five content categories of emotional support were identified: caring, reassuring, emotion sharing, belonging, and distracting. The main contribution of this study is that social media can be used as a spontaneous and proactive tool for supporting the student’s resilience during and after the earthquake trauma. View Full-Text
Keywords: earthquake; resilience; WhatsApp; emotional support earthquake; resilience; WhatsApp; emotional support
MDPI and ACS Style

Bikar, S.S.; Rathakrishnan, B.; Kamaluddin, M.R.; Che Mohd Nasir, N.; Mohd Nasir, M.A. Social Sustainability of Post-Disaster: How Teachers Enable Primary School Students to Be Resilient in Times of Ranau Earthquake. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7308. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137308

AMA Style

Bikar SS, Rathakrishnan B, Kamaluddin MR, Che Mohd Nasir N, Mohd Nasir MA. Social Sustainability of Post-Disaster: How Teachers Enable Primary School Students to Be Resilient in Times of Ranau Earthquake. Sustainability. 2021; 13(13):7308. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137308

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bikar, Soon S., Balan Rathakrishnan, Mohammad R. Kamaluddin, Norruzeyati Che Mohd Nasir, and Mohd A. Mohd Nasir. 2021. "Social Sustainability of Post-Disaster: How Teachers Enable Primary School Students to Be Resilient in Times of Ranau Earthquake" Sustainability 13, no. 13: 7308. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137308

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