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Open AccessArticle

Gaze Point in the Evacuation Drills: Analysis of Eye Movement at the Indoor Wayfinding

1
School of Architectural, Civil, Environmental and Energy Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
2
Department of Fire and Disaster Prevention Engineering, Changshin University, Changwon 51352, Korea
3
Department of Fire Protection Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(7), 2902; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072902
Received: 28 February 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 3 April 2020 / Published: 5 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
Signage systems are the main means of resolving the wayfinding problem in an emergency evacuation. However, recent literature has proven that signage systems are often not effective in an indoor wayfinding decision-making situation. Many studies that attempted to solve the problem did not consider the interaction between the optimal location of signage systems and gaze characteristics. Therefore, this study aimed to provide basic database to determine the optimal location of signage by analysing the characteristics of eye movements according to the type of junction. To achieve this, we conducted evacuation experiments in a maze set composed of eight junctions that we created ourselves and analysed the eye movement data of participants with 5196 gaze points and duration of 895,581.49 ms. The result showed that participants most often look between 100 cm and 150 cm (vertical height) in the corridor and in junctions. In addition, the gaze points of the evacuees are quantified by the horizontal and vertical directions according to the type of junction where the wayfinding decisions occur. This investigation showed that there are marked differences depending on the type. View Full-Text
Keywords: gaze point; indoor wayfinding; eye movement; evacuation; eye tracker; human behaviour in fire gaze point; indoor wayfinding; eye movement; evacuation; eye tracker; human behaviour in fire
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Bae, Y.-H.; Kim, Y.-C.; Oh, R.-S.; Son, J.-Y.; Hong, W.-H.; Choi, J.-H. Gaze Point in the Evacuation Drills: Analysis of Eye Movement at the Indoor Wayfinding. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2902.

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