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The Inventory of Pollutants Hazardous to the Health of Living Organisms, Emitted by Road Transport in Poland between 1990 and 2017

1
Institute of Environmental Protection—National Research Institute, National Centre for Emissions Management, 00-805 Warszawa, Poland
2
Faculty of Automotive and Construction Machinery Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 02-524 Warszawa, Poland
3
Institute of Environmental Protection—National Research Institute, 00-548 Warszawa, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5387; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135387
Received: 8 June 2020 / Revised: 28 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Traffic Emissions and Urban Environmental Sustainability)
The paper provides the results of the inventory of pollutants hazardous to the health of living organisms, emitted by road transport in Poland between 1990 and 2017. For estimating pollutant emissions from road transport, a standardized methodology was applied, consistent with the guidance of EEA/EMEP Emission Inventory Guidebook 2019 and the COPERT 5 software. The following substances were analyzed: carbon monoxide (CO), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter size fractions (total suspended particles—TSP, PM10, PM2.5). For the pollutants, emission values averaged over the distance travelled by the road fleet (average specific distance emission) were determined. The results obtained indicated that between 1990 and 2017 the annual pollutant emissions from road vehicles in Poland had an increasing trend concerning TSP (74%), PM10 (64%), PM2.5 (52%) and NOx (25%), while the corresponding emissions had a decreasing trend for CO (−117%) and NMVOC (−85%). However, a clear downward trend was found for the average specific distance emissions of all substances throughout the subsequent inventory years: TSP (−28%), PM10 (−100%), PM2.5 (−91%), NOx (−84%), CO (−208%) and NMVOC (−173%), which is due to the dynamic progress in the technological advancement of road vehicles. View Full-Text
Keywords: pollutant emission; emission inventory; road transport; road vehicles pollutant emission; emission inventory; road transport; road vehicles
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Bebkiewicz, K.; Chłopek, Z.; Lasocki, J.; Szczepański, K.; Zimakowska-Laskowska, M. The Inventory of Pollutants Hazardous to the Health of Living Organisms, Emitted by Road Transport in Poland between 1990 and 2017. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5387.

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