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Article

Economic Globalization Impacts on the Ecological Environment of Inland Developing Countries: A Case Study of Laos from the Perspective of the Land Use/Cover Change

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College of Geological Engineering and Geomatics, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
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State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
3
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
4
Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
5
College of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3940; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143940
Received: 25 June 2019 / Revised: 11 July 2019 / Accepted: 13 July 2019 / Published: 19 July 2019
Economic globalization promotes the economic development of underdeveloped regions but also influences the ecological environments of these regions, such as natural forest degradation. For inland developing regions with underdeveloped traffic routes, are the effects on the ecological environment also as obvious? To reveal the response characteristics of the ecological environment of the inland developing countries to globalization, we took Laos as an example, and used the land use/cover change data and also its exports and imports data to analyze the ecological environment change since the millennium. Land use transfer matrix analysis showed that Laos had encountered a large conversion of 14.43% natural forest to plantation forest since 2000 to 2017, and also a degradation of 5.94% natural forest to shrubland and grassland. Landscape pattern analysis showed that these changes were the main reasons of the fragmentation of ecological patches, which would lead to a reduction in biodiversity. More, topographic analysis further showed that natural forest degradation mainly took place in high-altitude and large slope areas, which could increase the potential of natural hazards such as floods. Coupling analysis with its exports and imports data indicated that economic globalization still had a significant impact on the country’s ecological environment although Laos is an inland developing country. Laos should strengthen the regulation of renewable resources such as forests and water resources, to avoid losing the renewable resources market while still enjoying the dividends of economic globalization. At the same time, it is necessary to accurately evaluate the indirect impacts of development on neighboring countries to ensure sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic globalization; ecological environment; land use/cover; landscape pattern; topographic analysis economic globalization; ecological environment; land use/cover; landscape pattern; topographic analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Sui, L.; Yang, X.; Wang, Z.; Ge, D.; Kang, J.; Yang, F.; Liu, Y.; Liu, B. Economic Globalization Impacts on the Ecological Environment of Inland Developing Countries: A Case Study of Laos from the Perspective of the Land Use/Cover Change. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3940. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143940

AMA Style

Wang J, Sui L, Yang X, Wang Z, Ge D, Kang J, Yang F, Liu Y, Liu B. Economic Globalization Impacts on the Ecological Environment of Inland Developing Countries: A Case Study of Laos from the Perspective of the Land Use/Cover Change. Sustainability. 2019; 11(14):3940. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143940

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Jun, Lichun Sui, Xiaomei Yang, Zhihua Wang, Dazhuan Ge, Junmei Kang, Fengshuo Yang, Yueming Liu, and Bin Liu. 2019. "Economic Globalization Impacts on the Ecological Environment of Inland Developing Countries: A Case Study of Laos from the Perspective of the Land Use/Cover Change" Sustainability 11, no. 14: 3940. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143940

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