Next Article in Journal
Explaining the Diffusion of Renewable Electricity Technologies in Canadian Remote Indigenous Communities through the Technological Innovation System Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Barking Up the Right Tree? NGOs and Corporate Power for Deforestation-Free Supply Chains
Article

Optimization of the Separation Efficiency of Buckwheat Seeds and Wild Radish Siliques in a Grader with Indented Pockets

1
Department of Heavy Duty Machines and Research Methodology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Engineering and Food Machinery, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 3870; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113870
Received: 25 September 2018 / Revised: 16 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 24 October 2018
The separation parameters and indicators of separation efficiency of a mixture of two types of seeds in a grader equipped with five interchangeable cylinders with indented pockets of various depths were optimized. The analyzed mixture was composed of buckwheat seeds and wild radish siliques, which are difficult to separate. A self-made computer program based on genetic algorithms was developed for the needs of the study. The value of the optimized indicator of separation efficiency (ε = 0.993), which is a product of partial indicators (buckwheat seed yield ε1 and separation efficiency of wild radish siliques ε2), was highest at the following operating parameters: Depth of indented pocket s = 2.9 mm, kinematic index k = 0.25, static load rating of a cylinder q = 0.1, and inclination angle of the working edge of the trough α = 12.0°. View Full-Text
Keywords: buckwheat seeds; wild radish siliques; grader; indented pocket; separation; optimization buckwheat seeds; wild radish siliques; grader; indented pocket; separation; optimization
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Konopka, S.; Markowski, P.; Kaliniewicz, Z.; Choszcz, D.J.; Lipiński, A.J.; Kusińska, E. Optimization of the Separation Efficiency of Buckwheat Seeds and Wild Radish Siliques in a Grader with Indented Pockets. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3870. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113870

AMA Style

Konopka S, Markowski P, Kaliniewicz Z, Choszcz DJ, Lipiński AJ, Kusińska E. Optimization of the Separation Efficiency of Buckwheat Seeds and Wild Radish Siliques in a Grader with Indented Pockets. Sustainability. 2018; 10(11):3870. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113870

Chicago/Turabian Style

Konopka, Stanisław, Piotr Markowski, Zdzisław Kaliniewicz, Dariusz J. Choszcz, Adam J. Lipiński, and Elżbieta Kusińska. 2018. "Optimization of the Separation Efficiency of Buckwheat Seeds and Wild Radish Siliques in a Grader with Indented Pockets" Sustainability 10, no. 11: 3870. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113870

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop