Next Article in Journal
Influential Actors’ Perceptions of Facilitators and Instruments for Solving Future Forest Land-Use Disputes in Europe
Next Article in Special Issue
Trifecta of Success for Reducing Commodity-Driven Deforestation: Assessing the Intersection of REDD+ Programs, Jurisdictional Approaches, and Private Sector Commitments
Previous Article in Journal
Relationships between Tree Vigor Indices and a Tree Classification System Based upon Apparent Stem Defects in Northern Hardwood Stands
Previous Article in Special Issue
National REDD+ Implications for Tenured Indigenous Communities in Guyana, and Communities’ Impact on Forest Carbon Stocks
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Assessing the Progress of REDD+ Projects towards the Sustainable Development Goals

1
Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK
2
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, UK
3
University of Cambridge Conservation Research Institute, The David Attenborough Building, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ, UK.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2018, 9(10), 589; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9100589
Received: 20 August 2018 / Revised: 16 September 2018 / Accepted: 19 September 2018 / Published: 21 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Performance of REDD+: From Global Governance to Local Practices)
  |  
PDF [5307 KB, uploaded 21 September 2018]
  |  

Abstract

Almost a decade since the establishment of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+), this study investigates the extent to which REDD+ projects are delivering on the promise of co-benefits and the elusive ‘triple-win’ for climate, biodiversity, and local communities. The Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCB) is among several leading REDD+ certification standards that are designed to support the delivery of social and environmental co-benefits, and ‘socially-just’ carbon. This study uses an in-depth content analysis of 25 subnational REDD+ project documents to assess the extent to which REDD+ project objectives align with Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) targets, and evaluates the reporting of progress towards meeting these objectives. Currently the CCB standards address a relatively small subset of SDG targets. Despite this, we find that REDD+ projects aspire to work on a much broader set of SDG target objectives, thus going beyond what the CCB Standards require for REDD+ validation. However, although reviewed REDD+ projects have these aspirations, very few are actively monitoring impact against the goals. There is a gap between aspiration and reported progress at the goal level, and for each project: on average, only a third of SDGs that are being targeted by REDD+ projects are showing ‘improvement’. The analysis shows which global goals are most frequently targeted, and which are the least. It also allows an analysis of which projects are following through most effectively in terms of monitoring progress towards the SDGs. This assessment provides insights into the priorities of REDD+ project proponents, suggesting that REDD+ has unfulfilled potential to elicit positive change in relation to the SDGs. Our analysis also shows that there is considerable potential for the safeguarding bodies to do more to ensure that real improvements are made, and reported against, aligning REDD+ projects more strongly with global development agendas. View Full-Text
Keywords: REDD+; CCB Standards; Sustainable Development Goals; climate change; community; biodiversity; development; forests REDD+; CCB Standards; Sustainable Development Goals; climate change; community; biodiversity; development; forests
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Milbank, C.; Coomes, D.; Vira, B. Assessing the Progress of REDD+ Projects towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Forests 2018, 9, 589.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top