Influence of Heartwood on Wood Density and Pulp Properties Explained by Machine Learning Techniques
AbstractThe aim of this work is to develop a tool to predict some pulp properties e.g., pulp yield, Kappa number, ISO brightness (ISO 2470:2008), fiber length and fiber width, using the sapwood and heartwood proportion in the raw-material. For this purpose, Acacia melanoxylon trees were collected from four sites in Portugal. Percentage of sapwood and heartwood, area and the stem eccentricity (in N-S and E-W directions) were measured on transversal stem sections of A. melanoxylon R. Br. The relative position of the samples with respect to the total tree height was also considered as an input variable. Different configurations were tested until the maximum correlation coefficient was achieved. A classical mathematical technique (multiple linear regression) and machine learning methods (classification and regression trees, multi-layer perceptron and support vector machines) were tested. Classification and regression trees (CART) was the most accurate model for the prediction of pulp ISO brightness (R = 0.85). The other parameters could be predicted with fair results (R = 0.64–0.75) by CART. Hence, the proportion of heartwood and sapwood is a relevant parameter for pulping and pulp properties, and should be taken as a quality trait when assessing a pulpwood resource. View Full-Text
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Iglesias, C.; Santos, A.J.A.; Martínez, J.; Pereira, H.; Anjos, O. Influence of Heartwood on Wood Density and Pulp Properties Explained by Machine Learning Techniques. Forests 2017, 8, 20.
Iglesias C, Santos AJA, Martínez J, Pereira H, Anjos O. Influence of Heartwood on Wood Density and Pulp Properties Explained by Machine Learning Techniques. Forests. 2017; 8(1):20.Chicago/Turabian Style
Iglesias, Carla; Santos, António J.A.; Martínez, Javier; Pereira, Helena; Anjos, Ofélia. 2017. "Influence of Heartwood on Wood Density and Pulp Properties Explained by Machine Learning Techniques." Forests 8, no. 1: 20.
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