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Adapting Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) to Local Contexts in REDD+: Lessons from Three Experiments in Vietnam

Center for International Forestry Research, 17A Nguyen Khang Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
Institute of Research for Development (IRD), Le Sextant, bd de Dunkerque, CS 90009, Marseille 13572, France
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
Center for International Forestry Research, Headquarters, Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Bogor 16115, Indonesia
The Center for People and Forests, Floor 3, A5B Building, Giang Vo 2, Tran Huy Lieu Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
The Centre of Research and Development in Upland Areas, Room 801, Cau Giay Agriculture Bank Block, Lane 106, Alley 106/10, Hoang Quoc Viet Street, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
Center for Agricultural Research and Ecological Studies, Hanoi University of Agriculture, Trau Quy, Gia Lam District, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Eric J. Jokela
Forests 2015, 6(7), 2405-2423;
Received: 13 March 2015 / Revised: 26 June 2015 / Accepted: 3 July 2015 / Published: 15 July 2015
Free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) is a means of ensuring that people’s rights are respected when reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and enhancing forest carbon stocks (REDD+) projects are established in developing countries. This paper examines how FPIC has been applied in three projects in Vietnam and highlights two key lessons learnt. First, as human rights and democracy are seen as politically sensitive issues in Vietnam, FPIC is likely to be more accepted by the government if it is built upon the national legal framework on citizen rights. Applying FPIC in this context can ensure that both government and citizen’s interests are achieved within the permitted political space. Second, FPIC activities should be seen as a learning process and designed based on local needs and preferences, with accountability of facilitators, two-way and multiple communication strategies, flexibility, and collective action in mind. View Full-Text
Keywords: citizen rights; participation; empowerment; FPIC; Vietnam citizen rights; participation; empowerment; FPIC; Vietnam
MDPI and ACS Style

Pham, T.T.; Castella, J.-C.; Lestrelin, G.; Mertz, O.; Le, D.N.; Moeliono, M.; Nguyen, T.Q.; Vu, H.T.; Nguyen, T.D. Adapting Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) to Local Contexts in REDD+: Lessons from Three Experiments in Vietnam. Forests 2015, 6, 2405-2423.

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