Bone regeneration is an important issue in many situations, such as bone fracture and surgery. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) are promising cell sources for bone regeneration. Bone morphogenetic proteins and their bioactive peptides are biomolecules known to enhance the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. However, fibrosis can arise during the development of implantable biomaterials. Therefore, it is important to control cell organization by enhancing osteogenic proliferation and differentiation and inhibiting fibroblast proliferation. Thus, we focused on the screening of such osteogenic-enhancing peptides. In the present study, we developed new peptide array screening platforms to evaluate cell proliferation and alkaline phosphatase activity in osteoblasts, UC-MSCs and fibroblasts. The conditions for the screening platform were first defined using UC-MSCs and an osteogenic differentiation peptide known as W9. Next, in silico screening to define the candidate peptides was carried out to evaluate the homology of 19 bone morphogenetic proteins. Twenty-five candidate 9-mer peptides were selected for screening. Finally, the screening of osteogenic-enhancing (osteogenic cell-selective proliferation and osteogenic differentiation) short peptide was carried out using the peptide array method, and three osteogenic-enhancing peptides were identified, confirming the validity of this screening.
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