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Article

Coal Combustion Products Management toward a Circular Economy—A Case Study of the Coal Power Plant Sector in Poland

1
PGE Energia Ciepła S.A., 31-587 Cracow, Poland
2
Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-076 Cracow, Poland
3
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-261 Cracow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(14), 3603; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143603
Received: 15 June 2020 / Revised: 8 July 2020 / Accepted: 9 July 2020 / Published: 13 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Combustion Systems and Their Impact)
Coal combustion products can be considered as commercial products or waste depending on the quality of the coal, the combustion process, and the country’s legislation. The circular economy can create incentives for the implementation of new business models in large power plants in cooperation with coal mines and users of coal combustion products. This is particularly important in Poland, where coal still remains the main source of energy, employing over 80,000 workers. The objective of this study was to assess the readiness for change toward a circular economy and to identify challenges, barriers, and plans at seven large power plants. To do this, a final questionnaire was developed after checking environmental reporting, a CATI survey, and brainstorming between circular economy leaders from science, industry, and non-governmental organizations. The results indicate that even if the great economic and environmental potential of coal combustion products management are understood, all requirements connected with CO2 and air pollution have higher priorities. Policy shifts away from coal do not promote cooperation, but the higher acceptance of products from waste and more transparent data shows a large potential for changes toward a circular economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; coal power plant; coal combustion products; industrial waste circular economy; coal power plant; coal combustion products; industrial waste
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bielecka, A.; Kulczycka, J. Coal Combustion Products Management toward a Circular Economy—A Case Study of the Coal Power Plant Sector in Poland. Energies 2020, 13, 3603. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143603

AMA Style

Bielecka A, Kulczycka J. Coal Combustion Products Management toward a Circular Economy—A Case Study of the Coal Power Plant Sector in Poland. Energies. 2020; 13(14):3603. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143603

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bielecka, Agnieszka, and Joanna Kulczycka. 2020. "Coal Combustion Products Management toward a Circular Economy—A Case Study of the Coal Power Plant Sector in Poland" Energies 13, no. 14: 3603. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143603

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