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Energies 2019, 12(6), 995; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12060995

A Dynamic Adam Based Deep Neural Network for Fault Diagnosis of Oil-Immersed Power Transformers

1
Guangxi Key Laboratory of Power System Optimization and Energy Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
2
College of Electrical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
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Abstract

This paper presents a Dynamic Adam and dropout based deep neural network (DADDNN) for fault diagnosis of oil-immersed power transformers. To solve the problem of incomplete extraction of hidden information with data driven, the gradient first-order moment estimate and second-order moment estimate are used to calculate the different learning rates for all parameters with stable gradient scaling. Meanwhile, the learning rate is dynamically attenuated according to the optimal interval. To prevent over-fitted, we exploit dropout technique to randomly reset some neurons and strengthen the information exchange between indirectly-linked neurons. Our proposed approach was utilized on four datasets to learn the faults diagnosis of oil-immersed power transformers. Besides, four benchmark cases in other fields were also utilized to illustrate its scalability. The simulation results show that the average diagnosis accuracies on the four datasets of our proposed method were 37.9%, 25.5%, 14.6%, 18.9%, and 11.2%, higher than international electro technical commission (IEC), Duval Triangle, stacked autoencoders (SAE), deep belief networks (DBN), and grid search support vector machines (GSSVM), respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: power transformer; fault diagnosis; dissolved gas analysis; deep neural network; Dynamic Adam; dropout power transformer; fault diagnosis; dissolved gas analysis; deep neural network; Dynamic Adam; dropout
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Ou, M.; Wei, H.; Zhang, Y.; Tan, J. A Dynamic Adam Based Deep Neural Network for Fault Diagnosis of Oil-Immersed Power Transformers. Energies 2019, 12, 995.

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