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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1801; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071801

Adaptive Virtual Impedance Droop Control Based on Consensus Control of Reactive Current

1
Guangxi Key Laboratory of Power System Optimization and Energy Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering & Computer Science, University of New Haven, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 21 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

It is difficult to achieve accurate distribution of reactive power based on conventional droop control due to the line impedance mismatch in an islanded microgrid. An adaptive virtual impendence method based on consensus control of reactive current is proposed in this paper. A distributed control structure without the central controller has been established. In this structure, each distributed generation unit (DG) is an independent agent, one-way communication is used between the adjacent DGs, and the reactive power sharing is equivalent to a problem of reactive power current consensus. It has been proven that the system is asymptotically stable under the proposed control strategy. When the adjacent DG’s reactive power is not proportionally distributed, the current weight error term will generate a virtual impedance correction term through the proportional-integral controller based on the reactive current consensus control strategy, thus introducing adaptive virtual impedance to eliminate mismatches in output impedance between DGs. Reactive power auto-proportional distribution can be achieved without knowing the line impedance. At the same time, the power control loop is simplified and the virtual impedance compensation angle is employed to compensate the decreased reference voltage magnitude and varied phase angle due to the introduction of the virtual impedance, so the stability of the system can be improved. Finally, the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed strategy are verified by modeling analysis and microgrid simulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: islanded microgrid; distributed generation (DG); droop control; reactive power sharing; adaptive virtual impendence; consensus control islanded microgrid; distributed generation (DG); droop control; reactive power sharing; adaptive virtual impendence; consensus control
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Lyu, Z.; Wei, Q.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, J.; Manla, E. Adaptive Virtual Impedance Droop Control Based on Consensus Control of Reactive Current. Energies 2018, 11, 1801.

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