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Could tDCS Be a Potential Performance-Enhancing Tool for Acute Neurocognitive Modulation in eSports? A Perspective Review

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Laboratory of Physical Activity Neuroscience, Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program, Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói 24456-570, Brazil
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Department of Sports Science, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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Laboratory of Physical Activity Neuroscience, Neurodiversity Institute, Queimados 26325-020, Brazil
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Research Center in Sport, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), 5000-558 Vila Real, Portugal
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Portugal Football School, Portuguese Football Federation, 1495-433 Cruz Quebrada, Portugal
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Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Lusófona University, 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal
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Research Center in Sport, Physical Education, and Exercise and Health (CIDEFES), (CIDEFES), 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal
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Sport Science School of Rio Maior, ESDRM-IPSantarém, 2040-413 Rio Maio, Portugal
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Life Quality Research Center (CIEQV), 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
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ESECS, Polytechnic of Leiria, 2411-901 Leiria, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Manuel Jiménez and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3678; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073678
Received: 31 January 2021 / Revised: 27 March 2021 / Accepted: 29 March 2021 / Published: 1 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sport and Health)
Competitive sports involve physical and cognitive skills. In traditional sports, there is a greater dependence on the development and performance of both motor and cognitive skills, unlike electronic sports (eSports), which depend much more on neurocognitive skills for success. However, little is known about neurocognitive functions and effective strategies designed to develop and optimize neurocognitive performance in eSports athletes. One such strategy is transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), characterized as a weak electric current applied on the scalp to induce prolonged changes in cortical excitability. Therefore, our objective is to propose anodal (a)-tDCS as a performance-enhancing tool for neurocognitive functions in eSports. In this manuscript, we discussed the neurocognitive processes that underlie exceptionally skilled performances in eSports and how tDCS could be used for acute modulation of these processes in eSports. Based on the results from tDCS studies in healthy people, professional athletes, and video game players, it seems that tDCS is applied over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) as a potential performance-enhancing tool for neurocognition in eSports. View Full-Text
Keywords: dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; eAthletes; eSports; transcranial direct current stimulation dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; eAthletes; eSports; transcranial direct current stimulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Machado, S.; Travassos, B.; Teixeira, D.S.; Rodrigues, F.; Cid, L.; Monteiro, D. Could tDCS Be a Potential Performance-Enhancing Tool for Acute Neurocognitive Modulation in eSports? A Perspective Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3678. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073678

AMA Style

Machado S, Travassos B, Teixeira DS, Rodrigues F, Cid L, Monteiro D. Could tDCS Be a Potential Performance-Enhancing Tool for Acute Neurocognitive Modulation in eSports? A Perspective Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3678. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073678

Chicago/Turabian Style

Machado, Sergio; Travassos, Bruno; Teixeira, Diogo S.; Rodrigues, Filipe; Cid, Luis; Monteiro, Diogo. 2021. "Could tDCS Be a Potential Performance-Enhancing Tool for Acute Neurocognitive Modulation in eSports? A Perspective Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 7: 3678. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073678

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