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Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Occupational Health and Job Satisfaction in Workers with Intellectual Disability: A Job Demands–Resources Perspective

1
Institute on Community Integration (INICO), Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatments, Faculty of Psychology, University of Salamanca, 37005 Salamanca, Spain
2
Faculty of Psychology, Catholic University of Valencia-San Vicente Mártir (UCV), 46100 Burjassot-Valencia, Spain
3
Department of Neuroscience, Mental Health and Sense Organs (NESMOS), Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
4
Faculty of Psychology, National University of Distance Education (UNED), 28040 Madrid, Spain
5
Faculty of Psychology, International University of Valencia (VIU), 46002 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2072; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042072
Received: 28 January 2021 / Revised: 13 February 2021 / Accepted: 15 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
In the contexts where people with intellectual disability work, there are factors that determine their job satisfaction. The objective of this study was to test the adequacy of the central assumptions of the Job Demands–Resources (JD-R) theory in workers with intellectual disability employed in different work alternatives. Data from 362 workers in sheltered workshops and 192 workers in supported employment were utilized. The model was contrasted using a structural equation model and a multi-group analysis. The results supported the suitability of the model and confirmed that job demands and job resources evoke two relatively independent processes such as health impairment and motivational process. The multi-group analysis confirmed the invariance of the model between the two work alternatives. Thus, the JD-R model offers a useful framework to explain the job satisfaction of workers with intellectual disability. Implications for the improvement of personal and job results are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Job Demands–Resources theory; work-related factors; exhaustion; work engagement; job satisfaction; intellectual disabilities; assessment Job Demands–Resources theory; work-related factors; exhaustion; work engagement; job satisfaction; intellectual disabilities; assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flores, N.; Moret-Tatay, C.; Gutiérrez-Bermejo, B.; Vázquez, A.; Jenaro, C. Assessment of Occupational Health and Job Satisfaction in Workers with Intellectual Disability: A Job Demands–Resources Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2072. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042072

AMA Style

Flores N, Moret-Tatay C, Gutiérrez-Bermejo B, Vázquez A, Jenaro C. Assessment of Occupational Health and Job Satisfaction in Workers with Intellectual Disability: A Job Demands–Resources Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2072. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042072

Chicago/Turabian Style

Flores, Noelia; Moret-Tatay, Carmen; Gutiérrez-Bermejo, Belén; Vázquez, Andrea; Jenaro, Cristina. 2021. "Assessment of Occupational Health and Job Satisfaction in Workers with Intellectual Disability: A Job Demands–Resources Perspective" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 2072. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042072

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