Next Article in Journal
Real-World Data and Machine Learning to Predict Cardiac Amyloidosis
Next Article in Special Issue
Factors Associated with Non-Attendance at Dental Preventive Care in Slovak High School Students
Previous Article in Journal
Consumers’ Intention to Adopt Blockchain Food Traceability Technology towards Organic Food Products
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Need for Nurse Interventions in Sex Education in Adolescents
Open AccessArticle

The Prevalence of Insulin Resistance and the Associated Risk Factors in a Sample of 14–18-Year-Old Slovak Adolescents

Institute of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Spitalska 24, 813 72 Bratislava, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 909; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030909
Received: 15 December 2020 / Revised: 14 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adolescent and Young People's Health Issues and Challenges)
The prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors has increased in Slovakian adolescents as a result of serious lifestyle changes. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence of insulin resistance (IR) and the associations with cardiometabolic and selected lifestyle risk factors in a sample of Slovak adolescents. In total, 2629 adolescents (45.8% males) aged between 14 and 18 years were examined in the study. Anthropometric parameters, blood pressure (BP), and resting heart rate were measured; fasting venous blood samples were analyzed; and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-insulin resistance (IR) was calculated. For statistical data processing, the methods of descriptive and analytical statistics for normal and skewed distribution of variables were used. The mean HOMA-IR was 2.45 ± 1.91, without a significant sex differences. IR (cut-off point for HOMA-IR = 3.16) was detected in 18.6% of adolescents (19.8% males, 17.6% females). IR was strongly associated with overweight/obesity (especially central) and with almost all monitored cardiometabolic factors, except for total cholesterol (TC) and systolic BP in females. The multivariate model selected variables such as low level of physical fitness, insufficient physical activity, breakfast skipping, a small number of daily meals, frequent consumption of sweetened beverages, and low educational level of fathers as significant risk factors of IR in adolescents. Recognizing the main lifestyle risk factors and early IR identification is important in terms of the performance of preventive strategies. Weight reduction, regular physical activity, and healthy eating habits can improve insulin sensitivity and decrease the incidence of metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; cardiometabolic risk factors; insulin resistance; abdominal obesity; lifestyle; dietary habits adolescents; cardiometabolic risk factors; insulin resistance; abdominal obesity; lifestyle; dietary habits
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jurkovičová, J.; Hirošová, K.; Vondrová, D.; Samohýl, M.; Štefániková, Z.; Filová, A.; Kachútová, I.; Babjaková, J.; Argalášová, Ľ. The Prevalence of Insulin Resistance and the Associated Risk Factors in a Sample of 14–18-Year-Old Slovak Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 909. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030909

AMA Style

Jurkovičová J, Hirošová K, Vondrová D, Samohýl M, Štefániková Z, Filová A, Kachútová I, Babjaková J, Argalášová Ľ. The Prevalence of Insulin Resistance and the Associated Risk Factors in a Sample of 14–18-Year-Old Slovak Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):909. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030909

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jurkovičová, Jana; Hirošová, Katarína; Vondrová, Diana; Samohýl, Martin; Štefániková, Zuzana; Filová, Alexandra; Kachútová, Ivana; Babjaková, Jana; Argalášová, Ľubica. 2021. "The Prevalence of Insulin Resistance and the Associated Risk Factors in a Sample of 14–18-Year-Old Slovak Adolescents" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 909. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030909

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop