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Article

Association between Childhood Maltreatment History and Premenstrual Syndrome

by 1,2, 2,3, 2,3 and 2,*
1
Cocokara Women’s Clinic, Nagoya 461-0001, Japan
2
Department of Global Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Tokyo 113-8519, Japan
3
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo 102-0083, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 781; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020781
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 18 January 2021
Childhood maltreatment history has known relationships with various mental and physical diseases; however, little is known about its association with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). In this study, we investigated the association between childhood maltreatment history and PMS among young women in Japan. In a Japanese city, we approached 3815 women aged 10–60 years who visited a gynecology clinic and one general practice clinic. A questionnaire on childhood maltreatment history and PMS was administered to them. We observed that women with histories of childhood maltreatment demonstrated a significantly increased risk of PMS compared with those without such histories (odds ratio: 1.47, 95% confidence interval: 1.20–1.81). Particularly, women with childhood physical or emotional abuse demonstrated a stronger association with PMS, whereas other forms of childhood maltreatment (emotional neglect, witnessing of intimate-partner violence, or sexual abuse) were not associated with PMS. Our results illustrate that childhood maltreatment may be a risk factor for PMS. View Full-Text
Keywords: premenstrual syndrome; adverse childhood experience; child maltreatment; abuse premenstrual syndrome; adverse childhood experience; child maltreatment; abuse
MDPI and ACS Style

Ito, K.; Doi, S.; Isumi, A.; Fujiwara, T. Association between Childhood Maltreatment History and Premenstrual Syndrome. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 781. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020781

AMA Style

Ito K, Doi S, Isumi A, Fujiwara T. Association between Childhood Maltreatment History and Premenstrual Syndrome. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):781. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020781

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ito, Kanako, Satomi Doi, Aya Isumi, and Takeo Fujiwara. 2021. "Association between Childhood Maltreatment History and Premenstrual Syndrome" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 781. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020781

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