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Article

Associations between the School Environment and Physical Activity Pattern during School Time in Swedish Adolescents

1
Department of Physical Activity and Health, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), 114 86 Stockholm, Sweden
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Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
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Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, 171 64 Solna, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10239; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910239
Received: 6 September 2021 / Revised: 22 September 2021 / Accepted: 24 September 2021 / Published: 29 September 2021
Knowledge about associations between school-based initiatives and physical activity patterns is limited. The purpose of this paper was to examine associations between factors in the school environment, physical activity and sedentary time during school time. The cross-sectional study included 1139 adolescents aged 13–14 from 34 schools. Physical activity and sedentary time were measured using hip-worn accelerometers. Factors in the school environment included health policy, a mobile phone ban during breaks, organized physical activities during breaks and activity breaks during lessons reported by teachers. The frequency and duration of breaks and physical education (PE) lessons were collected from school schedules. The results showed significant associations between health policy (β = 3.87, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.37, 5.23), the mobile phone ban (β = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.29, 3.94) and PE; total duration (β = 0.08, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.11), average duration (β = 0.08, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.13) and frequency (β = 1.73, 95% CI: 0.50, 3.04) and moderate-vigorous physical activity. There were negative associations between health policy (β = −6.41, 95% CI: −10.24, −2.67), the mobile phone ban (β = −3.75, 95% CI: −7.25, −0.77) and PE; total duration (β = −0.15, 95% CI: −0.23, −0.08) and average duration (β = −0.14, 95% CI: −0.27, −0.03) and time spent sedentary. Adolescents attending schools with health policies, mobile phone bans and more time for PE showed higher levels of physical activity and lower sedentary time. View Full-Text
Keywords: accelerometers; leisure-time; moderate to vigorous physical activity; physical education; school breaks; school policy; school time; students; teachers accelerometers; leisure-time; moderate to vigorous physical activity; physical education; school breaks; school policy; school time; students; teachers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nyberg, G.; Ekblom, Ö.; Kjellenberg, K.; Wang, R.; Larsson, H.; Thedin Jakobsson, B.; Helgadóttir, B. Associations between the School Environment and Physical Activity Pattern during School Time in Swedish Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10239. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910239

AMA Style

Nyberg G, Ekblom Ö, Kjellenberg K, Wang R, Larsson H, Thedin Jakobsson B, Helgadóttir B. Associations between the School Environment and Physical Activity Pattern during School Time in Swedish Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19):10239. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910239

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nyberg, Gisela, Örjan Ekblom, Karin Kjellenberg, Rui Wang, Håkan Larsson, Britta Thedin Jakobsson, and Björg Helgadóttir. 2021. "Associations between the School Environment and Physical Activity Pattern during School Time in Swedish Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 19: 10239. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910239

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