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Article

The Association between Lifestyle Changes and Psychological Distress during COVID-19 Lockdown: The Moderating Role of COVID-Related Stressors

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Behavioral Sciences Department, The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Yezreel Valley 1930600, Israel
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Psychology Department, The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Yezreel Valley 1930600, Israel
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Educational Counseling Department, The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, Yezreel Valley 1930600, Israel
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9695; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189695
Received: 20 July 2021 / Revised: 12 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 15 September 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic and the accompanying circumstances (lockdown and social distancing) have been found to cause lifestyle habit changes. While negative changes (adopting risky behaviors) are known to be associated with high psychological distress, the effect of positive changes (adopting health-enhancing behaviors) has yet to be investigated. This study examined the association between the nature of changes and psychological distress, in addition to the moderating effect of “COVID-related stressors”. Online questionnaires, completed by 1969 participants, assessed the following: lifestyle changes due to COVID-19 with regard to cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, sleep quality, and eating habits; COVID-related stressors; Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale. Positive and negative changes were associated with higher psychological distress compared to no lifestyle change, and there was a moderating effect of COVID-related stressors in the association between COVID-related lifestyle changes and distress. In conclusion, to reduce psychological distress in overwhelming circumstances such as the COVID-19 pandemic, people should carefully consider whether to make changes in their lifestyle habits before doing so, even if these changes are perceived as positive and health-enhancing. Furthermore, efforts should be focused on reducing the perception of stress from COVID-19 by working on personal and mental perceptions of the situation. View Full-Text
Keywords: health behavior; depression; anxiety; stress; cigarette smoking; alcohol consumption; physical activity; sleep quality; eating habits; nature of change health behavior; depression; anxiety; stress; cigarette smoking; alcohol consumption; physical activity; sleep quality; eating habits; nature of change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alon-Tirosh, M.; Hadar-Shoval, D.; Asraf, K.; Tannous-Haddad, L.; Tzischinsky, O. The Association between Lifestyle Changes and Psychological Distress during COVID-19 Lockdown: The Moderating Role of COVID-Related Stressors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9695. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189695

AMA Style

Alon-Tirosh M, Hadar-Shoval D, Asraf K, Tannous-Haddad L, Tzischinsky O. The Association between Lifestyle Changes and Psychological Distress during COVID-19 Lockdown: The Moderating Role of COVID-Related Stressors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9695. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189695

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alon-Tirosh, Michal, Dorit Hadar-Shoval, Kfir Asraf, Lubna Tannous-Haddad, and Orna Tzischinsky. 2021. "The Association between Lifestyle Changes and Psychological Distress during COVID-19 Lockdown: The Moderating Role of COVID-Related Stressors" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9695. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189695

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