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Article

Food Insecurity and Eating Pathology in Adolescents

1
New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
2
Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
3
Department of Psychology, Fordham University, Bronx, NY 10458, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mary Anne Amalaradjou and Laura L. Hayman
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9155; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179155
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 16 August 2021 / Accepted: 27 August 2021 / Published: 30 August 2021
Adolescence is a critical period for the emergence of eating disorders, and food insecurity may be related to eating pathology and weight, as evidenced in adults. However, little is known about food insecurity and eating pathology during this developmental period, and associations between food insecurity and body mass index (BMI) are mixed. Therefore, we examined associations between food insecurity and BMI percentile, self-reported eating-related pathology and binge eating, and subgroup differences by race/ethnicity. In a subset, we examined the relationship between food insecurity and real-world hunger, food craving, and loss-of-control eating using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Fifty-eight adolescents at two sites (clinical sample, n = 38, BMI percentile ≥ 70th; community sample, n = 20, all BMI strata) completed self-report questionnaires. Adolescents were 15.2 ± 2.1 years old, 62% female, 50% Black, 34.5% Hispanic, with BMI percentile = 80.5 ± 25.8 (range 4–99). In the full sample, food insecurity was associated with greater BMI (p < 0.01), higher shape/weight overvaluation (p = 0.04), and greater number of binge eating episodes among those reporting at least one binge episode (p < 0.01), with significant relationships for BMI percentile, shape/weight overvaluation, body dissatisfaction, and binge episode frequency among Hispanic adolescents only (each p < 0.01). As in adults, food insecurity may be a risk factor for eating pathology, particularly for Hispanic teens. View Full-Text
Keywords: food insecurity; eating disorders; binge eating; body dissatisfaction; body mass index; adolescents; ecological momentary assessment; race/ethnicity; structural inequality; health equity; inclusion food insecurity; eating disorders; binge eating; body dissatisfaction; body mass index; adolescents; ecological momentary assessment; race/ethnicity; structural inequality; health equity; inclusion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, B.H.; Ranzenhofer, L.; Stadterman, J.; Karvay, Y.G.; Burke, N.L. Food Insecurity and Eating Pathology in Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9155. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179155

AMA Style

Kim BH, Ranzenhofer L, Stadterman J, Karvay YG, Burke NL. Food Insecurity and Eating Pathology in Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9155. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179155

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Brittany H., Lisa Ranzenhofer, Jill Stadterman, Yvette G. Karvay, and Natasha L. Burke 2021. "Food Insecurity and Eating Pathology in Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9155. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179155

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