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Article

Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity in a Community Setting

1
Health Science Faculty, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2
School of Engineering and Architecture, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Education Faculty, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Octavio Alvarez, Isabel Castillo, Pedro Saenz-Lopez Buñuel and Inés Tomás
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7301; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147301
Received: 4 June 2021 / Revised: 5 July 2021 / Accepted: 6 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends in Psychosocial Dimensions of Physical Activity)
This article analyses how physical activity reinforces each of the dimensions (mental, physical, social, etc.) of the health-related quality of life concept. To that end, we determined whether this relationship is moderated by educational level and area of residence. The empirical part was based on data obtained from a cross-sectional survey carried out in the Casablanca neighbourhood (Zaragoza, Spain). The sample comprised 1083 participants aged between 25 and 84 years residing in the three residential areas of this neighbourhood: Viñedo Viejo, Las Nieves and Fuentes Claras. These three areas exhibit significant socio-economic differences in their population. The self-reported questionnaire included the following key information for this study: socio-economic characteristics (sex, age, educational level and area of residence) and health-related quality of life (WHOQOL-Brief: mental health, physical health, social relations and environment). The main results obtained from the descriptive statistics and regression systems were added. Playing a sport or undertaking some physical activity brings many health benefits, both physical and mental. The educational level and area of residence affect this relationship, such that the effects of physical activity are greater for those residents of Casablanca who have a higher educational level and/or live in more favoured areas of this neighbourhood. The results have also been discussed by sex and age group. Investing in innovative programmes in educational institutions and communities to acquire healthy habits and behaviour patterns that take into account socioeconomic differences in the population would be an advisable public health strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: health-related quality of life; physical exercise; education; neighbourhood health-related quality of life; physical exercise; education; neighbourhood
MDPI and ACS Style

Gil-Lacruz, M.; Gil-Lacruz, A.I.; Domingo-Torrecilla, P.; Cañete-Lairla, M.A. Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity in a Community Setting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7301. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147301

AMA Style

Gil-Lacruz M, Gil-Lacruz AI, Domingo-Torrecilla P, Cañete-Lairla MA. Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity in a Community Setting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7301. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147301

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gil-Lacruz, Marta, Ana I. Gil-Lacruz, Paola Domingo-Torrecilla, and Miguel A. Cañete-Lairla. 2021. "Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity in a Community Setting" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7301. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147301

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