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Open AccessArticle

Reducing the Negative Environmental Impact of Winter Airport Maintenance through Its Model Design and Simulation

1
Department of Air Transport Management, Faculty of Aeronautics, Technical University of Kosice, Rampová 7, 04121 Kosice, Slovakia
2
Department of Mathematics and Theoretical Informatics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, Technical university of Kosice, Letná 9, 04001 Kosice, Slovakia
3
Transport Authority SR, Civil Aviation Division, Airworthiness Division, M.R. Štefánik Airport, 823 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
4
Department of Aviation Engineering, Faculty of Aeronautics, Technical University of Kosice, Rampová 7, 04121 Kosice, Slovakia
5
Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies, Technical University of Kosice, Bayerova 1, 080 01 Prešov, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1296; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041296
Received: 15 January 2020 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 14 February 2020 / Published: 18 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Issues in Aerospace and their Impact on Public Health)
Airports are one of the segments within air transport and their serviceability ensures air transport efficiency. However, airports are among the largest contributors to the negative environmental impact of this kind of transport. Individual activities at airports leave a negative environmental footprint. By optimizing processes, it is possible to reduce the negative environmental impacts of these subjects. Airport winter maintenance is one of the important activities accompanying airports in geographical areas where winter season is expected due to the climate zone and weather conditions. Effective winter maintenance ensures optimal airport operation and has a significant impact on safety. However, the winter maintenance of the airport causes an excessive burden on the environment around the airports, in particular by applying de-icing agents to aircraft and movement areas, or by emissions and noise caused by equipment for snow and ice removal. The aim of the present article is to optimize the winter maintenance of the airport, namely the deployment of winter maintenance equipment with respect to meteorological conditions while maintaining the priorities for winter maintenance between individual airport areas. The aim of optimization is to achieve the saving of maintenance time and reduce the negative environmental impact of winter maintenance by effectively deploying equipment and devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: airport; algorithm; airport winter maintenance; simulation; environmental impact airport; algorithm; airport winter maintenance; simulation; environmental impact
MDPI and ACS Style

Koščák, P.; Berežný, Š.; Vajdová, I.; Koblen, I.; Ojciec, M.; Matisková, D.; Puškáš, T. Reducing the Negative Environmental Impact of Winter Airport Maintenance through Its Model Design and Simulation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1296.

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