Alcohol Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adults
2. Materials and Methods
3.1. COVID-19 Survey Demographics
3.2. Participants’ Rates of Alcohol Consumption and Prevalence of Binge Drinking and Extreme Binge Drinking during COVID-19
3.3. Comparison of Alcohol Consumption, Binge Drinking, and Extreme Drinking between Participants Who Reported Stress during COVID-19 Versus Those Who Did Not
3.4. Participants’ Perceptions of Drinking Patterns Pre- and Post-COVID-19
Conflicts of Interest
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|Other race||15.1% (106)|
|Hispanic/Latinx Ethnicity||6.7% (47)|
|Age in Years|
|65 or older||8.4% (58)|
|Household Income, USD|
|Less than $39,999||6.8% (47)|
|$40,000 to $79,999||16.0% (110)|
|$80,000 to $99,999||10.1% (69)|
|$100,000 to $149,999||25.1% (172)|
|$150,000 to $199,999||18.5% (127)|
|More than $200,000||23.4% (160)|
|Number of Days Consumed Alcohol||12.2 (10.3)|
|Total Number of Drinks Consumed||26.8 (24.7)|
|Binge Drinking Days-At Least Once||34.1% (205)|
|Extreme Binge Drinking Over Past 30 Days||7.0% (42)|
|Drinking Changes||Percent (Number)|
|Drinking Increased Compared to Pre-COVID-19||60.1% (347)|
|Drinking Decreased Compared to Pre-COVID-19||12.8% (74)|
|Drinking Did Not Change Compared to Pre-COVID-19||27.0% (156)|
|Reasons for Drinking Increases *|
|Increased Stress||45.7% (259)|
|Increased Alcohol Availability||34.4% (195)|
|No Reason Given||1.7% (10)|
|Other Reason||4.0% (23)|
|Reasons for Drinking Decreases *|
|Diminished Alcohol Availability||58.1% (43)|
|Less Free Time||29.7% (22)|
|Less Money||12.2% (9)|
|Other Reason||25.7% (19)|
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Grossman, E.R.; Benjamin-Neelon, S.E.; Sonnenschein, S. Alcohol Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249189
Grossman ER, Benjamin-Neelon SE, Sonnenschein S. Alcohol Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249189Chicago/Turabian Style
Grossman, Elyse R., Sara E. Benjamin-Neelon, and Susan Sonnenschein. 2020. "Alcohol Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249189