Next Article in Journal
Seasonal Variation in Aflatoxin Levels in Edible Seeds, Estimation of Its Dietary Intake and Vitamin E Levels in Southern Areas of Punjab, Pakistan
Next Article in Special Issue
Loud Music and Leisure Noise Is a Common Cause of Chronic Hearing Loss, Tinnitus and Hyperacusis
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Parenting Quality on Child Development at 36–48 Months in China’s Urban Area: Evidence from a Birth Cohort Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Productivity Burden of Occupational Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Australia: A Life Table Modelling Study
Review

Occupational Noise: Auditory and Non-Auditory Consequences

1
Department of Communicative Disorders and Sciences and Center for Hearing and Deafness, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14221, USA
2
Department of Sense Organs, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8963; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238963
Received: 23 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 22 November 2020 / Published: 2 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Global Burden of Noise Exposure)
Occupational noise exposure accounts for approximately 16% of all disabling hearing losses, but the true value and societal costs may be grossly underestimated because current regulations only identify hearing impairments in the workplace if exposures result in audiometric threshold shifts within a limited frequency region. Research over the past several decades indicates that occupational noise exposures can cause other serious auditory deficits such as tinnitus, hyperacusis, extended high-frequency hearing loss, and poor speech perception in noise. Beyond the audiogram, there is growing awareness that hearing loss is a significant risk factor for other debilitating and potentially life-threatening disorders such as cardiovascular disease and dementia. This review discusses some of the shortcomings and limitations of current noise regulations in the United States and Europe. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational noise exposure; ultra-high frequency; otoacoustic emissions; hidden hearing loss; tinnitus; hyperacusis; dementia; sound pressure level; continuous equivalent level occupational noise exposure; ultra-high frequency; otoacoustic emissions; hidden hearing loss; tinnitus; hyperacusis; dementia; sound pressure level; continuous equivalent level
MDPI and ACS Style

Sheppard, A.; Ralli, M.; Gilardi, A.; Salvi, R. Occupational Noise: Auditory and Non-Auditory Consequences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8963. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238963

AMA Style

Sheppard A, Ralli M, Gilardi A, Salvi R. Occupational Noise: Auditory and Non-Auditory Consequences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8963. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238963

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sheppard, Adam, Massimo Ralli, Antonio Gilardi, and Richard Salvi. 2020. "Occupational Noise: Auditory and Non-Auditory Consequences" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8963. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238963

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop