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Review

Indoor Air Quality in Passivhaus Dwellings: A Literature Review

1
Lancaster Institute the Contemporary Arts, Lancaster University, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
2
Department of Architecture, University of Strathclyde, 75 Montrose Street, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
3
Mackintosh Environmental Architecture Research Unit, The Glasgow School of Art, 167 Renfrew Street, Glasgow G3 6RQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4749; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134749
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 1 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Designing Healthy Indoor Air Quality)
Indoor air quality (IAQ) is a critical consideration in airtight buildings that depend on mechanical ventilation, such as those constructed to the Passivhaus standard. While previous reviews of IAQ on Passivhaus-certified buildings foccused on offices, this study examines residential buildings. A summary of data collection methods and pollutant concentrations is presented, followed by a critical discussion of the impact of Passivhaus design strategies on IAQ. This review indicates that IAQ in Passivhaus-certified dwellings is generally better than in conventional homes, but both occupant behaviour and pollution from outdoor sources play a significant role in indoor concentrations. Moreover, there are differences in data collection and reporting methods. Many of the available studies depend on short-term IAQ monitoring of less than two weeks, making it difficult to determine the longer impact of housing design on IAQ and occupants’ well-being. There is also a lack of studies from non-European countries. Future research should focus on investigating associations between IAQ and Passivhaus design strategies in hot and humid climates, where evidence is particularly lacking. Further effort is also required to investigate potential links between occupant’s perception of IAQ and physical exposure to indoor pollution. Finally, the lack of homogeneous monitoring and reporting methods for IAQ studies needs to be addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: indoor air quality (IAQ); Passivhaus; indoor environment; thermal comfort; healthy homes; literature review indoor air quality (IAQ); Passivhaus; indoor environment; thermal comfort; healthy homes; literature review
MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno-Rangel, A.; Sharpe, T.; McGill, G.; Musau, F. Indoor Air Quality in Passivhaus Dwellings: A Literature Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134749

AMA Style

Moreno-Rangel A, Sharpe T, McGill G, Musau F. Indoor Air Quality in Passivhaus Dwellings: A Literature Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(13):4749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134749

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moreno-Rangel, Alejandro, Tim Sharpe, Gráinne McGill, and Filbert Musau. 2020. "Indoor Air Quality in Passivhaus Dwellings: A Literature Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 13: 4749. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134749

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