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Article

Natural Patterns of Sitting, Standing and Stepping During and Outside Work—Differences between Habitual Users and Non-Users of Sit–Stand Workstations

1
Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Arbo Unie, Occupational Health Service, 3526 KS Utrecht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 4075; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114075
Received: 28 April 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 4 June 2020 / Published: 8 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Occupational Health in a 24/7 Perspective)
Sit–stand workstations have shown to reduce sitting time in office workers on a group level. However, movement behaviour patterns might differ between subgroups of workers. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine sitting, standing and stepping outcomes between habitual users and non-users of sit–stand workstations. From an international office population based in the Netherlands, 24 users and 25 non-users of sit–stand workstations were included (all had long-term access to these workstations). Using the ActivPAL, sitting, standing and stepping were objectively measured during and outside working hours. Differences in outcomes between users and non-users were analysed using linear regression. During working hours, users sat less (−1.64; 95% IC= −2.27–−1.01 h/8 h workday) and stood more (1.51; 95% IC= 0.92–2.10 h/8 h workday) than non-users. Attenuated but similar differences were also found for total sitting time over the whole week. Furthermore, time in static standing bouts was relatively high for users during working hours (median= 0.56; IQR = 0.19−1.08 h/8 h workday). During non-working hours on workdays and during non-working days, no differences were found between users and non-users. During working hours, habitual users of their sit–stand workstation sat substantially less and stood proportionally more than non-users. No differences were observed outside working hours, leading to attenuated but similar differences in total sitting and standing time between users and non-users for total days. This indicated that the users of sit–stand workstations reduced their sitting time at work, but this seemed not to be accompanied by major carry-over or compensatory effects outside working hours. View Full-Text
Keywords: movement patterns; prolonged sitting; prolonged standing; office workers; sit–stand workstations; users and non-users; working and non-working hours movement patterns; prolonged sitting; prolonged standing; office workers; sit–stand workstations; users and non-users; working and non-working hours
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MDPI and ACS Style

Renaud, L.R.; Huysmans, M.A.; van der Ploeg, H.P.; Speklé, E.M.; van der Beek, A.J. Natural Patterns of Sitting, Standing and Stepping During and Outside Work—Differences between Habitual Users and Non-Users of Sit–Stand Workstations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4075. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114075

AMA Style

Renaud LR, Huysmans MA, van der Ploeg HP, Speklé EM, van der Beek AJ. Natural Patterns of Sitting, Standing and Stepping During and Outside Work—Differences between Habitual Users and Non-Users of Sit–Stand Workstations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):4075. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114075

Chicago/Turabian Style

Renaud, Lidewij R., Maaike A. Huysmans, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Erwin M. Speklé, and Allard J. van der Beek 2020. "Natural Patterns of Sitting, Standing and Stepping During and Outside Work—Differences between Habitual Users and Non-Users of Sit–Stand Workstations" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 4075. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114075

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