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Article

Prevalence of Undernutrition and Anemia among Santal Adivasi Children, Birbhum District, West Bengal, India

1
Institute of Nutritional Sciences, University of Hohenheim, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Shining Eyes -medical aid for children and socioeconomic village development in India e.V., 74223 Flein, Germany
3
Institute of Household and Consumer Economics (530A), University of Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
4
Bolpur Manab Jamin, South Jambuni, Bolpur, Birbhum District, West Bengal 731204, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally and are considered joint co-first authors.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 342; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010342
Received: 3 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 28 December 2019 / Published: 3 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Factors, Children’s Health and Safety)
India’s Adivasi scheduled tribe population is disproportionately affected by undernutrition and anemia, thereby prevailing in the poorest wealth deciles denominated as socially and economically vulnerable. This study was designed to assess the extent of child undernutrition (conventional and composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) classification), as well as the burden of anemia in children and its independent nutrition specific and sensitive drivers, moreover to reflect the living conditions of Santal Adivasis. The research survey was conducted in 21 Santal villages, Birbhum District, West Bengal, in 2015. An overall 307 children (aged 6–39 months) and their mothers (n = 288) were assessed for their hemoglobin (Hb) levels (HemoCue Hb201+) and anthropometric indices such as height/length, weight and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). Moreover, socio-demographic household characteristics were surveyed. The study confirmed Adivasi children lagging behind national average with a high prevalence of undernutrition (height-for-age z-score (HAZ) 51.9%, weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) 49.2%, weight-for-height z-score WHZ 19.0% and CIAF 61.6%) and of moderate and severe anemia (Hb < 10 g/dL, 73.3% altogether). Child’s age <24 months, low WAZ scores, morbidity (any fever, diarrhea or respiratory infection) on the checkup day or during previous week, low maternal Hb level, and lack of dietary diversification were identified as predictors for anemia, thereby warrant targeted interventions to decrease the high anemia rates assessed in the study site. View Full-Text
Keywords: young child undernutrition; CIAF; morbidity; anemia; independent predictors of anemia; socio-economic and demographic information; Santals; Adivasi; West Bengal; India young child undernutrition; CIAF; morbidity; anemia; independent predictors of anemia; socio-economic and demographic information; Santals; Adivasi; West Bengal; India
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stiller, C.K.; Golembiewski, S.K.E.; Golembiewski, M.; Mondal, S.; Biesalski, H.-K.; Scherbaum, V. Prevalence of Undernutrition and Anemia among Santal Adivasi Children, Birbhum District, West Bengal, India. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 342. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010342

AMA Style

Stiller CK, Golembiewski SKE, Golembiewski M, Mondal S, Biesalski H-K, Scherbaum V. Prevalence of Undernutrition and Anemia among Santal Adivasi Children, Birbhum District, West Bengal, India. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):342. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010342

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stiller, Caroline K., Silvia K.E. Golembiewski, Monika Golembiewski, Srikanta Mondal, Hans-Konrad Biesalski, and Veronika Scherbaum. 2020. "Prevalence of Undernutrition and Anemia among Santal Adivasi Children, Birbhum District, West Bengal, India" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 342. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010342

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