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Problematic Attachment to Social Media: Five Behavioural Archetypes

Department of Computing and Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Fern Barrow, Poole BH12 5BB, UK
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2136; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122136
Received: 9 May 2019 / Revised: 5 June 2019 / Accepted: 7 June 2019 / Published: 17 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Today, social media play an important role in people’s daily lives. Many people use social media to satisfy their personal and social needs, such as enhancing self-image, acquiring self-esteem, and gaining popularity. However, when social media are used obsessively and excessively, behavioural addiction symptoms can occur, leading to negative impacts on one’s life, which is defined as a problematic attachment to social media. Research suggests that tools can be provided to assist the change of problematic attachment behaviour, but it remains unclear how such tools should be designed and personalised to meet individual needs and profiles. This study makes the first attempt to tackle this problem by developing five behavioural archetypes, characterising how social media users differ in their problematic attachments to them. The archetypes are meant to facilitate effective ideation, creativity, and communication during the design process and helping the elicitation and customisation of the variability in the requirements and design of behaviour change tools for combatting problematic usage of social media. This was achieved by using a four-phase qualitative study where the diary study method was considered at the initial stage, and also the refinement and confirmation stage, to enhance ecological validity. View Full-Text
Keywords: problematic attachment; behavioural archetypes; digital wellbeing; digital addiction; problematic online behaviour problematic attachment; behavioural archetypes; digital wellbeing; digital addiction; problematic online behaviour
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Altuwairiqi, M.; Jiang, N.; Ali, R. Problematic Attachment to Social Media: Five Behavioural Archetypes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2136.

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