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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Reliability and Use of Copenhagen Burnout Inventory in Italian Sample of University Professors

1
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
2
Research Unit of Occupational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1708; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081708
Received: 11 July 2018 / Revised: 7 August 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 9 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Academics often have to face with burnout syndrome at work. This cross-sectional study evaluates the reliability of the Italian version of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) in a sample of Academics of Sapienza University of Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, through an online questionnaire composed of the CBI, SF12 Health Survey, and Positivity Scale. Univariate, bivariate, multivariate analyses, and Cronbach α coefficients of CBI were performed. Ninety-five participants completed the questionnaire (response rate 85%). Cronbach’s α of the three domains were high (0.892, 0.868, and 0.836). Women, younger and part time professors reported higher score in personal (p = 0.025; 0.060) and work burnout. In multivariate analysis decreasing age (β = −0.263; p = 0.001); being a professor in environmental technicians (β = −0.120; p = 0.098); and low mental (β = −0.263; p = 0.020), physical (β = −0.319; p ≤ 0.001) and positivity scores (β = −0.237; p = 0.031) predict significantly higher personal burnout. Low physical (β = −0.346; p < 0.001) and mental (β = − 0.249; p = 0.013) positivity (β = −0.345; p = 0.001) scores; fewer years of work (β = −0.269; p ≤ 0.001); and being a medical or nursing professor (β = 0.169; p = 0.016) predicts high work burnout. Low MCS predicts a high level of student burnout. Results suggest that the Italian version of the CBI is a reliable instrument. Further research should focus on the prevalence of burnout in academics. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; academics; stress; prevention; Copenhagen Burnout Inventory burnout; academics; stress; prevention; Copenhagen Burnout Inventory
MDPI and ACS Style

Sestili, C.; Scalingi, S.; Cianfanelli, S.; Mannocci, A.; Del Cimmuto, A.; De Sio, S.; Chiarini, M.; Di Muzio, M.; Villari, P.; De Giusti, M.; La Torre, G. Reliability and Use of Copenhagen Burnout Inventory in Italian Sample of University Professors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1708.

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