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Review

Characterizing Smart Environments as Interactive and Collective Platforms: A Review of the Key Behaviors of Responsive Architecture

1
UNSW Built Environment, Faculty of Arts, Design and Architecture, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
2
School of Architecture, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Guerrieri
Sensors 2021, 21(10), 3417; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21103417
Received: 24 March 2021 / Revised: 28 April 2021 / Accepted: 11 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Sensors and Sensing Spaces for Smart Home and Environment)
Since architect Nicholas Negroponte first proposed a vision of responsive architecture smart environments have been widely investigated, especially in the fields of computer science and engineering. Despite growing interest in the topic, a comprehensive review of research about smart environments from the architectural perspective is largely missing. In order to provide a formal understanding of smart environments in architecture, this paper conducts a systematic literature review of scholarly sources over the last decade, focusing on four related subjects: (1) responsive architecture, (2) kinetic architecture, (3) adaptive architecture and (4) intelligent buildings. Through this review, the paper identifies and examines interactive and collective behaviors in smart environments, thereby contributing to defining the properties of creative, smart spaces in the contemporary digital ecosystem. In addition, this research offers a means of systematically characterizing and constructing smart environments as interactive and collective platforms, enabling occupants to sense, experience and understand smart spaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: responsive architecture; adaptive architecture; intelligent building; kinetic architecture; smart environment; sensing space responsive architecture; adaptive architecture; intelligent building; kinetic architecture; smart environment; sensing space
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, J.H.; Ostwald, M.J.; Kim, M.J. Characterizing Smart Environments as Interactive and Collective Platforms: A Review of the Key Behaviors of Responsive Architecture. Sensors 2021, 21, 3417. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21103417

AMA Style

Lee JH, Ostwald MJ, Kim MJ. Characterizing Smart Environments as Interactive and Collective Platforms: A Review of the Key Behaviors of Responsive Architecture. Sensors. 2021; 21(10):3417. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21103417

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Ju H., Michael J. Ostwald, and Mi J. Kim 2021. "Characterizing Smart Environments as Interactive and Collective Platforms: A Review of the Key Behaviors of Responsive Architecture" Sensors 21, no. 10: 3417. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21103417

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