From Extraction to Advanced Analytical Methods: The Challenges of Melanin Analysis
AbstractThe generic term “melanin“ describes a black pigment of biological origin, although some melanins can be brown or even yellow. The pigment is characterized as a heterogenic polymer of phenolic or indolic nature, and the classification of eu-, pheo- and allo- melanin is broadly accepted. This classification is based on the chemical composition of the monomer subunit structure of the pigment. Due to the high heterogeneity of melanins, their analytical characterization can be a challenging task. In the present work, we synthesized the current information about the analytical methods which can be applied in melanin analysis workflow, from extraction and purification to high-throughput methods, such as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass-spectrometry or pyrolysis gas chromatography. Our thorough comparative evaluation of analytical data published so far on melanin analysis has proven to be a difficult task in terms of finding equivalent results, even when the same matrix was used. Moreover, we emphasize the importance of prior knowledge of melanin types and properties in order to select a valid experimental design using analytical methods that are able to deliver reliable results and draw consistent conclusions. View Full-Text
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Pralea, I.-E.; Moldovan, R.-C.; Petrache, A.-M.; Ilieș, M.; Hegheș, S.-C.; Ielciu, I.; Nicoară, R.; Moldovan, M.; Ene, M.; Radu, M.; Uifălean, A.; Iuga, C.-A. From Extraction to Advanced Analytical Methods: The Challenges of Melanin Analysis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3943.
Pralea I-E, Moldovan R-C, Petrache A-M, Ilieș M, Hegheș S-C, Ielciu I, Nicoară R, Moldovan M, Ene M, Radu M, Uifălean A, Iuga C-A. From Extraction to Advanced Analytical Methods: The Challenges of Melanin Analysis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(16):3943.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pralea, Ioana-Ecaterina; Moldovan, Radu-Cristian; Petrache, Alina-Maria; Ilieș, Maria; Hegheș, Simona-Codruța; Ielciu, Irina; Nicoară, Raul; Moldovan, Mirela; Ene, Mihaela; Radu, Mihai; Uifălean, Alina; Iuga, Cristina-Adela. 2019. "From Extraction to Advanced Analytical Methods: The Challenges of Melanin Analysis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 16: 3943.
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