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Open AccessArticle

Genome-Wide Identification, Characterization and Expression Analysis of the Chalcone Synthase Family in Maize

by Yahui Han, Ting Ding, Bo Su and Haiyang Jiang *
Key Laboratory of Crop Biology of Anhui Province, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(2), 161;
Received: 24 October 2015 / Revised: 19 January 2016 / Accepted: 19 January 2016 / Published: 27 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research in Plant Secondary Metabolism 2015)
Members of the chalcone synthase (CHS) family participate in the synthesis of a series of secondary metabolites in plants, fungi and bacteria. The metabolites play important roles in protecting land plants against various environmental stresses during the evolutionary process. Our research was conducted on comprehensive investigation of CHS genes in maize (Zea mays L.), including their phylogenetic relationships, gene structures, chromosomal locations and expression analysis. Fourteen CHS genes (ZmCHS01–14) were identified in the genome of maize, representing one of the largest numbers of CHS family members identified in one organism to date. The gene family was classified into four major classes (classes I–IV) based on their phylogenetic relationships. Most of them contained two exons and one intron. The 14 genes were unevenly located on six chromosomes. Two segmental duplication events were identified, which might contribute to the expansion of the maize CHS gene family to some extent. In addition, quantitative real-time PCR and microarray data analyses suggested that ZmCHS genes exhibited various expression patterns, indicating functional diversification of the ZmCHS genes. Our results will contribute to future studies of the complexity of the CHS gene family in maize and provide valuable information for the systematic analysis of the functions of the CHS gene family. View Full-Text
Keywords: chalcone synthase; genome-wide analysis; expression; evolution; maize chalcone synthase; genome-wide analysis; expression; evolution; maize
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Han, Y.; Ding, T.; Su, B.; Jiang, H. Genome-Wide Identification, Characterization and Expression Analysis of the Chalcone Synthase Family in Maize. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 161.

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