Next Article in Journal
Predictive Factors for the First Recurrence of Clostridioides difficile Infection in the Elderly from Western Romania
Next Article in Special Issue
The Microbiome in Health and Disease from the Perspective of Modern Medicine and Ayurveda
Previous Article in Journal
Relationship between Quadriceps Tendon Young’s Modulus and Maximum Knee Flexion Angle in the Swing Phase of Gait in Patients with Severe Knee Osteoarthritis
Open AccessReview

Asthma: New Integrative Treatment Strategies for the Next Decades

Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Ex-Hacienda de la Concepción, Tilcuautla, Pachuca de Soto 42080, Mexico
Escuela Superior de Medicina, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, “Unidad Casco de Santo Tomas”, Ciudad de México 11340, Mexico
Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, “Unidad Profesional A. López Mateos”, Ciudad de México 07738, Mexico
Escuela Superior de Cómputo, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, “Unidad Profesional A. López Mateos”, Ciudad de México 07738, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(9), 438;
Received: 18 June 2020 / Revised: 20 August 2020 / Accepted: 24 August 2020 / Published: 28 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future of Medicine: Frontiers in Integrative Health and Medicine)
Asthma is a chronic disease whose main anatomical–functional alterations are grouped into obstruction, nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity, inflammation and airway remodeling. Currently, the Global Initiative of Asthma 2020 (GINA 2020) suggests classifying it into intermittent cases, slightly persistent, moderately persistent and severely persistent, thus determining the correct guidelines for its therapy. In general, the drugs used for its management are divided into two groups, those with a potential bronchodilator and the controlling agents of inflammation. However, asthmatic treatments continue to evolve, and notable advances have been made possible in biological therapy with monoclonal antibodies and in the relationship between this disease and oxidative stress. This opens a new path to dietary and herbal strategies and the use of antioxidants as a possible therapy that supports conventional pharmacological treatments and reduces their doses and/or adverse effects. This review compiles information from different published research on risk factors, pathophysiology, classification, diagnosis and the main treatments; likewise, it synthesizes the current evidence of herbal medicine for its control. Studies on integrative medicine (IM) therapies for asthmatic control are critically reviewed. An integrative approach to the prevention and management of asthma warrants consideration in clinical practice. The intention is to encourage health professionals and scientists to expand the horizons of basic and clinical research (preclinical, clinical and integrative medicine) on asthma control. View Full-Text
Keywords: asthma; diagnosis; treatment strategies; oxidative stress; antioxidants asthma; diagnosis; treatment strategies; oxidative stress; antioxidants
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Arteaga-Badillo, D.A.; Portillo-Reyes, J.; Vargas-Mendoza, N.; Morales-González, J.A.; Izquierdo-Vega, J.A.; Sánchez-Gutiérrez, M.; Álvarez-González, I.; Morales-González, Á.; Madrigal-Bujaidar, E.; Madrigal-Santillán, E. Asthma: New Integrative Treatment Strategies for the Next Decades. Medicina 2020, 56, 438.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop