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Open AccessArticle

A Fraction of Recommended Practices: Implementation of the FIFA 11+ in NCAA Soccer Programs

1
School of Kinesiology, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
2
School of Education, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798, USA
3
Department of Physical Therapy, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
4
School of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(9), 417; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56090417
Received: 29 June 2020 / Revised: 29 July 2020 / Accepted: 16 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Sports Science)
Background and Objectives: National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) soccer coaches implement numerous warm-up and flexibility strategies to prepare athletes for training and competition. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) developed the 11+ injury prevention program to reduce non-contact injuries. This study aimed to analyze the level of familiarity with and implementation of the evidence-based FIFA 11+ amongst NCAA Division I (DI) and Division III (DIII) men’s and women’s soccer coaches. Materials and Methods: NCAA soccer coaches in the United States received an Institutional Review Board—approved survey hyperlink. A total of 240 coaches completed the survey. The respondents represented 47.5% men’s and 52.5% women’s teams distributed within DI and DIII programs. Descriptive statistics are reported as frequency counts and mean ± standard deviation where applicable. Pearson’s chi-square tests were performed to assess potential differences with a significance level set at α < 0.05. Results: The results indicated that approximately 62% of the respondents reported being familiar with the FIFA 11+ program. Of those coaches familiar with the program, 15.0% reported full implementation, 57.5% reported partial implementation, and 27.5% reported no implementation. Chi-square analyses revealed significant differences in FIFA 11+ implementation based upon division level (χ2 = 4.56, p = 0.033) and coaching certification levels (χ2 = 13.11, p = 0.011). Conclusions: This study indicates that there is a gap between FIFA 11+ knowledge and actual implementation. To reduce the risk of non-contact injury, there is a need to educate coaches and athletic trainers on the purpose of the FIFA 11+ program and how to perform the exercises correctly. View Full-Text
Keywords: athletic performance; cool-down; non-contact injury; training theory; warm-up athletic performance; cool-down; non-contact injury; training theory; warm-up
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Judge, L.W.; Petersen, J.C.; Hoover, D.L.; Craig, B.W.; Nordmann, N.; Schoeff, M.A.; Fox, B.D.; Dickin, D.C.; Bellar, D.M. A Fraction of Recommended Practices: Implementation of the FIFA 11+ in NCAA Soccer Programs. Medicina 2020, 56, 417.

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