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Open AccessArticle

COVID-19 and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Patient Knowledge and Perceptions in a Single Center Survey

1
Clinical and Experimental Medicine Department, “Magna Graecia” University, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
2
Health Sciences Department, “Magna Graecia” University, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
3
Greenwood Genetic Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29631, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contribution as senior author.
Medicina 2020, 56(8), 407; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56080407
Received: 29 June 2020 / Revised: 6 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 13 August 2020
Background and objectives: Spreading of SARS-CoV-2 infection from China to countries with a higher prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has generated concern among gastroenterologists and patients. The aim of this survey is to evaluate knowledge about clinical importance of COVID-19, disease management, prevention measures, and anxiety level during pandemic among patients with IBD. Material and methods: From 15th March to 15th April 2020, a questionnaire survey was administered to 200 patients with IBD by email or phone application. The questionnaire consisted of five sections: (1) anthropometric, demographic and clinical characteristics, (2) knowledge about clinical importance of COVID-19, (3) IBD management, (4) prevention measures, (5) anxiety level during pandemic. Results: One hundred forty two questionnaires were completed. Ninety-seven patients (68.3%) were males with a mean age of 46 years (SD 13; range 17–76). Fifty-four individuals (38%) were affected by Crohn disease and 88 (62%) by Ulcerative Colitis. Most patients reported high knowledge about clinical importance of COVID-19 (80%), IBD management (72%), and prevention measures (97%). Sixty-two percent of them showed moderate-high level of anxiety. High education level was independently associated with high knowledge about clinical importance of COVID-19 (odds ratio [OR] 5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.49–16.6, p = 0.009) and older age (OR 1, 95%, CI 1.01–1.1, p = 0.01), while the receipt of e-format educational material with low knowledge about clinical importance of COVID-19 (OR 3, 95%, CI 1.08–9.3, p = 0.03). Displaying an active disease appeared to be independently associated with low knowledge of IBD management (OR 5.8, 95% CI 1.4–22.8, p = 0.01) and no variables other than an older age was independently associated with higher level of anxiety (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.009–1.09, p = 0.01). Conclusions: High educational level and aging promote knowledge about clinical importance of COVID-19, while e-format educational material does not. Taken together with findings that an active disease status compromises knowledge of IBD management and the high level of anxiety related to increasing age, these data suggest the need of further supporting patient-oriented strategies in IBD during Covid-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; inflammatory bowel disease; knowledge; anxiety; pandemic; health care; prevention measures COVID-19; inflammatory bowel disease; knowledge; anxiety; pandemic; health care; prevention measures
MDPI and ACS Style

Spagnuolo, R.; Larussa, T.; Iannelli, C.; Cosco, C.; Nisticò, E.; Manduci, E.; Bruno, A.; Boccuto, L.; Abenavoli, L.; Luzza, F.; Doldo, P. COVID-19 and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Patient Knowledge and Perceptions in a Single Center Survey. Medicina 2020, 56, 407.

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