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Effects of 3D Moving Platform Exercise on Physiological Parameters and Pain in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

by Soochul Kim 1 and Yongseok Jee 1,2,*
1
Department of Education Major of Physical Education, Graduate School of Education of Hanseo University, Hanseo 1-Ro, Haemi-myeon, Seosan 31962, Korea
2
Department of Leisure and Marine Sports, Hanseo University, Hanseo 1-Ro, Haemi-myeon, Seosan 31962, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(7), 351; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56070351
Received: 16 June 2020 / Revised: 12 July 2020 / Accepted: 14 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020
Background and objectives: Patient-handling activities predispose women to chronic low back pain (CLBP), but sufficient evidence is not available on whether a 3D moving platform, made for core stability exercise, affects pain, trunk flexibility, and static/dynamic muscle contractions in CLBP patients. Materials and Methods: The participants were twenty-nine women who were randomly divided into a control group (CON) and a 3D exercise group (3DEG), which took part in 3D moving exercise three times a week for 8 weeks. Both groups measured a visual analog scale (VAS) about their CLBP. Body composition, forward and backward trunk flexibilities, static muscle contraction property in rectus abdominis, and erector spinae were measured by tensiomyography, which found contraction time (Tc) and maximal displacement (Dm). Dynamic muscle contraction property in the abdomen and back were measured with an isokinetic device, which could measure peak torque (Pt) and work per repetition (Wr), before and after the trial. Results: The 3DEG had a significantly decreased fat mass and waist/hip ratio, as well as improved static muscle contractions of the erector spinae. The Wr of trunk extensor of 3D exercise group were also significantly increased. In the VAS, although the scores showed a significant change in some variables, while others did not. The Δ% in feeling pain at rest or at night, during exercise, walking, sitting in a hard chair, sitting in a soft chair, and lying down in 3DEG were significantly changed after 8 weeks. This indicates that the platform exercise provided a greater reduction of pain for activities that are done on a daily basis. Conclusions: This study confirms that the 3D moving platform exercise can provide the similar effect of the core stability exercise used in previous studies. Moreover, this study suggests that 3D moving platform exercise is a suitable means to reduce fatness, to increase trunk extensor, and to increase trunk backward flexibility, which led to reduced back pain in the women with CLBP. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D moving platform; pain; static muscle contraction; dynamic muscle contraction 3D moving platform; pain; static muscle contraction; dynamic muscle contraction
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Kim, S.; Jee, Y. Effects of 3D Moving Platform Exercise on Physiological Parameters and Pain in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain. Medicina 2020, 56, 351.

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