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Open AccessArticle

Patterns and Factors Associated with Self-Medication among the Pediatric Population in Romania

1
Family Medicine, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology “Emil Palade”, 540142 Trgu Mures, Romania
2
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, 020021 Bucharest, Romania
3
Internal Medicine Clinic, Clinical Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, 014461 Bucharest, Romania
4
Mother and Child Department, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iasi, Romania
5
Faculty of Communication and Public Relations, National University of Political Science and Public Administration, 012104 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(6), 312; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56060312
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 June 2020 / Published: 25 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interdisciplinary Medicine)
Background and objectives: Self-medication is a global phenomenon in both developed and emerging countries. At present, data regarding the practice, patterns, and factors associated with self-medication in Romanian patient groups of various ages and health are relatively scarce. A pilot study that uses a questionnaire was conducted to observe the attitudes as well as the behaviors of a group of Romanian parents related to self-medication, specifically their beliefs and perceived risks of the administration of medicine to their children without medical advice, frequency of self-medications, symptoms, and types of medications most commonly used without medical advice. Materials and Methods: The questionnaire was sent via e-mail or WhatsApp link on a mobile phone using the existing data at the general practitioner’s office together with the protection of data form and the informed consent form; some participants completed the questionnaire when they came for a regular visit at the general practitioner’s office. Of 246 applied questionnaires, we had a rate of responses of 98%. Results: We found a high percentage (70%) of parents who self-medicate their children. The data reveals a significant relation between parents’ beliefs on self-medication and their tendency to administrate drugs to their children without medical advice. A significant relation was also found between the likelihood of parental self-medication for their children and the number of illnesses experienced by their children over the six-month period prior to the survey. Even when parents have a correct understanding of self-medication risks, these are not aligned with actual behavior; therefore, parents continue to administer drugs to their children without medical advice. Conclusions: Our study helps to describe the patterns of parents’ decisions about self-medicating their children and to identify parents who are more predisposed to administering self-medication to their children. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; self-medication; risks; beliefs children; self-medication; risks; beliefs
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Tarciuc, P.; Stanescu, A.M.A.; Diaconu, C.C.; Paduraru, L.; Duduciuc, A.; Diaconescu, S. Patterns and Factors Associated with Self-Medication among the Pediatric Population in Romania. Medicina 2020, 56, 312.

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