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Open AccessArticle

Patterns and Factors Associated with Self-Medication among the Pediatric Population in Romania

Family Medicine, University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology “Emil Palade”, 540142 Trgu Mures, Romania
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, 020021 Bucharest, Romania
Internal Medicine Clinic, Clinical Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, 014461 Bucharest, Romania
Mother and Child Department, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iasi, Romania
Faculty of Communication and Public Relations, National University of Political Science and Public Administration, 012104 Bucharest, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(6), 312;
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 June 2020 / Published: 25 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interdisciplinary Medicine)
Background and objectives: Self-medication is a global phenomenon in both developed and emerging countries. At present, data regarding the practice, patterns, and factors associated with self-medication in Romanian patient groups of various ages and health are relatively scarce. A pilot study that uses a questionnaire was conducted to observe the attitudes as well as the behaviors of a group of Romanian parents related to self-medication, specifically their beliefs and perceived risks of the administration of medicine to their children without medical advice, frequency of self-medications, symptoms, and types of medications most commonly used without medical advice. Materials and Methods: The questionnaire was sent via e-mail or WhatsApp link on a mobile phone using the existing data at the general practitioner’s office together with the protection of data form and the informed consent form; some participants completed the questionnaire when they came for a regular visit at the general practitioner’s office. Of 246 applied questionnaires, we had a rate of responses of 98%. Results: We found a high percentage (70%) of parents who self-medicate their children. The data reveals a significant relation between parents’ beliefs on self-medication and their tendency to administrate drugs to their children without medical advice. A significant relation was also found between the likelihood of parental self-medication for their children and the number of illnesses experienced by their children over the six-month period prior to the survey. Even when parents have a correct understanding of self-medication risks, these are not aligned with actual behavior; therefore, parents continue to administer drugs to their children without medical advice. Conclusions: Our study helps to describe the patterns of parents’ decisions about self-medicating their children and to identify parents who are more predisposed to administering self-medication to their children. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; self-medication; risks; beliefs children; self-medication; risks; beliefs
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Tarciuc, P.; Stanescu, A.M.A.; Diaconu, C.C.; Paduraru, L.; Duduciuc, A.; Diaconescu, S. Patterns and Factors Associated with Self-Medication among the Pediatric Population in Romania. Medicina 2020, 56, 312.

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