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Effects of Physical Exercise on the Stereotyped Behavior of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Open AccessEditorial

Should Autism Spectrum Conditions Be Characterised in a More Positive Way in Our Modern World?

1
Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
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Hull York Medical School, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
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Archaeology PalaeoHub, Department of Archaeology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
4
Child Oriented Mental Health Intervention Centre (COMIC), Leeds and York Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, York YO10 5NP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(5), 233; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56050233
Received: 28 April 2020 / Accepted: 4 May 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children with Complex Presentations)
In a special issue that focuses on complex presentations related to Autism, we ask the question in this editorial whether an Autism Spectrum Condition without complexity is a disorder, or whether it represents human diversity? Much research into Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASCs) over the years has focused on comparisons between neuro-typical people and people with Autism Spectrum Conditions. These comparisons have tended to draw attention to ‘deficits’ in cognitive abilities and descriptions of behaviours that are characterised as unwanted. Not surprisingly, this is reflected in the classification systems from the World Health Organisation and the American Psychiatric Association. Public opinion about ASC may be influenced by presentations in the media of those with ASC who also have intellectual disability. Given that diagnostic systems are intended to help us better understand conditions in order to seek improved outcomes, we propose a more constructive approach to descriptions that uses more positive language, and balances descriptions of deficits with research finding of strengths and differences. We propose that this will be more helpful to individuals on the Autism Spectrum, both in terms of individual self-view, but also in terms of how society views Autism Spectrum Conditions more positively. Commentary has also been made on guidance that has been adjusted for people with ASC in relation to the current COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism; autism spectrum condition (ASC); positive; diagnostic criteria; strengths; COVID-19 autism; autism spectrum condition (ASC); positive; diagnostic criteria; strengths; COVID-19
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Wright, B.; Spikins, P.; Pearson, H. Should Autism Spectrum Conditions Be Characterised in a More Positive Way in Our Modern World? Medicina 2020, 56, 233.

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